Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Cog ro Mang po rje khyi chung

00303 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Mang po rje ? (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 291).

Mang pho rje (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 5, 11)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

In Rat year [736], Cog ro Mang po rje khyi chung led [tibetan armies] in the "land of the Turks" (dru gu yul, ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 274-275). 

Cog ro Mang po rje khyi chung may be the "minister Mang po rje" (blon mang po rje) who administrated the 'A zha ('a zha 'i mkhos bgyis) in Horse year [742] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 291).

In Bird year [745] the minister [Cog ro ?] Mang po rje and dBon 'A zha rje led a campaign against China (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 5).

In Hog year [747], the assembly was gathered by the blon ce (Great minister) ['Bro] Cung bzang'Bal ldong tsab, the minister [Cog ro?] Mang pho rje, zhang 'Bring rtsan and others (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 11).


Titles 

blon(ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 291, ms. Or 8212.187 l. 5, 11)


Notes


Chog ro Khri gzigs gnang kong

00203 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Chog ro Khri gzigs gnang kong (ms. PT 1288- ITJ 750 l. 182-183, 235) 

Khri gzigs (ms. PT 1288- ITJ 750 l. 209) 

Khri gzigs gnang khong (ms. PT 1288- ITJ 750 l. 222-223, 226, 231) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro) family


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 




Biographical data 

Chog ro Khri gzigs gnang khong gathered mDo smad assemblies at gTse nam yor in the winter of Hog year [711-712], Dog year [722-723] and Hog year [723-724], at Yol in the winter of Horse year [718-719], at Ryam shi gar in the winter of Bird year [721-722], at rGyod in the winter of Rat year [724-725], and at 'Bro lci'u lung in the winter of Hare year [727-728] (ms. PT 1288- ITJ 750 l. 182-183, 209, 222-223, 226, 231). 


Titles 

blon (ms. PT 1288- ITJ 750 l. 209, 222, 226, 231, 235) 


Notes


Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Lang 'gro Dam mtsho

00267 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Lang 'gro (Lang gro) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Lang 'gro Dam mtsho was teacher (slobs pon) of the Kam bcu religious center (chos gra) between An dGe lam and gCe zi rNal 'byor skyor (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6). 


Titles 

slobs pon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6) 


Notes

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


An dGe lam

00266 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

An (Sogdian family ?) 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

An dGe lam was teacher (slobs pon) of the Kam bcu religious center (chos gra) between dBas Byang chub rin chen and Lang 'gro Dam mtsho (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6). 


Titles 

slobs pon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.



dBas Byang chub rin chen

00265 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

dBa's family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

dBa's Byang chub rin chen was [the first] teacher (slobs pon) of the Kam bcu religious center (chos gra, ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6). 

After dBa's Byang chub rin chen, An dGe lam became teacher of the Kam bcu religious center (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6). 


Titles 

slobs pon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v6) 


Notes

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


Monday, 29 May 2017

Phung dGe rgyas

00274 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Phung ? 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Phung dGe rgyas was teacher (slob dpon) in the Gong chu religious center (chos gra) after 'Greng ro dGe'i blo gros (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7). 

The name of Phung dGe rgyas's successor as teacher in the Gong chu religious center is not specified by ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7.


Titles 

slob dpon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.



'Greng ro dGe'i blo gros

00273 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Greng ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

'Greng ro dGe'i blo gros was teacher (slob dpon) in the Gong chu religious center (chos gra) between 'Go 'bom Sa mun tra and Phung dGe rgyas (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7). 


Titles 

slob dpon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


'Go 'bom Sa mun tra

00272 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Go 'bom family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

'Go 'bom Sa mun tra was teacher (slob dpon) in the Gong chu religious center (chos gra) between Zha snga 'Jam pa'i snying po and 'Greng ro dGe'i blo gros (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7). 


Titles 

slob dpon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


Zha snga 'Jam pa'i snying po

00271 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Zha snga family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Zha snga 'Jam pa'i snying po was teacher (slob dpon) in the Gong chu religious center (chos gra) between Myang Rin chen byang chub and 'Go 'bom Sa mun tra (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7).


Titles 

slob dpon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


Myang Rin chen byang chub

00270 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Myang family


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ?

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan


Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Myang Rin chen byang chub was [the first] teacher (slob dpon) of the Gong chu religious center (chos gra, ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v 7). 

After Myang Rin chen byang chub, Zha snga 'Jam pa'i snying po became teacher at the Gong chu religious center (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7). 


Titles 

slob dpon (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v7 ) 


Notes

On ms. ITJ 689, see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80. 


Friday, 26 May 2017

Zha snga Thang rtsan

00296 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Zha snga family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Zha snga Thang rtsan was a brung pa of rTsang chen (PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 260-261). 

Zha snga Thang rtsan was replaced by Seng go Mon bu in Sheep year [731] (PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 260-261). 


Titles 

rtsang chen gyi brung pa (PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 260-261) 


Notes


Seng go Mon bu

00287 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Seng go family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

In Sheep year [719], the brung pa Seng go Mon bu was appointed after the death of Ru yong Phyi gseng (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 211). 

In Sheep year [731], Seng go Mon bu replaced Zha snga Thang rtsan, the brung pa of rTsang chen (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 260-261). 


Titles 

brung pa (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 260-261) 


Notes


Ru yong Phyi gseng

00286 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Ru yong family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Ru yong Phyi gseng was a Tibetan official (possibly a brung pa), he died in Sheep year [719] and was replaced by the brung pa Seng go Mon bu (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 211).


Titles 

brung pa ? (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 211) 


Notes


Lang Sa tseng

00282 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Lang (= Rlang ?) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Lang Sa tseng was a Tibetan official of rTsang cen (rtsang cen gyi brung pa), he died in the summer of Hare year [715] and was replaced by the zhang Khri mnyes smon zung (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 199) 


Titles 

brung pa (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 199) 


Notes

The name of the brung pa Lang Sa tseng can be compared to the name of the rtse rje Lang Sa dro (ms. Or. 15000/25 l. r5).


Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Chog ro Khong ge

00280 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (Cog ro) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 


Regency of 'Bro za Khri ma lod 

Childhood of Khri lDe gtsug brtsan 


Biographical data 

Chog ro Khong re was a Tibetan official whose status is not specified in the Old Tibetan Annals. He was "punished" (bkyon bab) in Hog year [711] (ms. PT 1288 - ITJ 750 l. 180). 


Titles 


Notes 

lDe'u Jo sras (XIIIth c.) mentions a "Cog ro Khong khri" (for Chog ro Khong ge ?) who, together with a character named "Cang dkar" seized the corpse of Khri 'Dus srong after his death in lJang, in the Dragon year [704] (see lDe'u Jo sras 1987 ed. p. 119).


Seng go sNang to re skyi zung

00252 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Seng go family


Period of activity 

VIIth century ? 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Seng go sNang to re skyi zung was a Tibetan official whose status is not specified by the Old Tibetan Annals. In the winter of the Ox year [701-702], he gathered the assembly with the zhang bTsan to re lhas byin (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 137-138). 


Titles 


Notes


Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge

00227 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro) family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ? 

After the reign of 'U'i dum brtan ? 


Biographical data 

Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge was a follower of the Indian mkhan po Bo de sva tva (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5).

Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang after lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5). 

After Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge, Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v5). 


Titles 

dge ba'i shes gnyen (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v3, 2v5). 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689 see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.

Mention of (another?) dPal gyi seng ge in ms PT 1153 (see zhang Gling bzher).





Chog ro Chos bshes nyes

00229 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro) family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ? 

After the reign of 'U'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Chog ro Chos bshes nyes was a follower of the Indian mkhan po Bo de sva tva (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5). 

Chog ro Chos bshes nyes became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang after Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v5). 

Chog ro Chos bshes nyes's successor as dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang is not named (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v5).


Titles 

dge ba'i shes gnyen (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v3, 2v5) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689 see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge

00228 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ?

After the reign of 'U'i dum brtan ? 


Biographical data 

Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge was a follower of the Indian mkhan po Bo de sva tva (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5).

Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang after Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v5). 

After Cog ro Byams pa'i seng ge, Chog ro Chos bshes nyes became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v5). 


Titles 

dge ba'i shes gnyen (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v3, 2v5) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689 see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80.


lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje

00226 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

lHa lung 


Period of activity 

IXth century 


Reign of 'U'i dum brtan 


Biographical data 

lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje was a follower of the Indian mkhan po Bo de sva tva (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5). 

lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang after Gle'u gZho nu snying po (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5). 

After lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje, Chog ro dPal gyi seng ge became dge ba'i shes gnyen of bSam yas and 'Phrul snang (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v4-2v5).


Titles 

dge ba'i shes gnyen (ms. ITJ 689 l. 2v3, 2v5) 


Notes 

On ms. ITJ 689 see Karmay 2007 p. 76-80. 

lHa lung dPal gyi rdo rje is best known in later Tibetan histories for murdering 'U 'i dum brtan (see among others : Nyang Nyi ma 'od zer (XIIth c.) 2010 ed., p. 405-407, Ne'u pandita (XIIIth c.) 2005 ed. p. 31, mKhas pa lde'u (XIIIth c.) 2005 ed. p. 348...).


Tuesday, 23 May 2017

lHo 'Bring po rgyal sum sregs

00249 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

lHo family


Period of activity 

VIIth century 


Hegemony of mGar 


Biographical data 

lHo 'Bring po rgyal sum sregs was a Tibetan official (brung pa) who offered libations [to the btsan po ?] at Nyen kar in the winter of Horse year [682-683] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 83).


Titles 

brung pa (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 83) 


Notes


gNubs Kho ma re

00261 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

gNubs family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 


Regency of 'Bro za Khri ma lod 


Biographical data 

gNubs Kho ma re was a Tibetan official (brung pa) who died in the Sheep year [707] and was replaced by rDo 'Phan kong (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 161-162).


Titles 

brung pa (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 161) 


Notes


Mu rug brtsan

00254 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

gcen (elder branch of the sPu rgyal dynasty) 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century 



Biographical data 

Mu rug brtsan was an elder brother (gcen) of the btsan po Khri lDe srong brtsan (inscr. Zhva'i lha khang west l. 48).

[Mu rug btsan was thus also a son of the btsan po Khri Srong lde brtsan and a brother of Mu ne brtsan]. 


Titles 

gcen (inscr. Zhva'i lha khang west l. 48)


Notes 

See Dotson 2007 for a detailed study on this character.