Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (5) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (32) 'Brom (4) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Ce (1) Cog ro (29) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (23) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (3) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (1) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (12) lHa lung (1) lHo (2) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (16) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (16) Myva (4) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (4) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (1) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (4) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (18) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (4) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Updates (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (32) zhu chen (2)

Thursday, 31 August 2017

Lang lDong rtsan

00575 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Lang (= Rlang ?) family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ?  

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan ?


Biographical data 

Lang lDong rtsan was a copyist [of Buddhist texts] (ms. PT 1312). 


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1312.

Mentioned in Dotson 2013-2014 [2015] p. 23 

'Bal sTag rma

00587 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bal 


Period of activity 

IXth century ?  

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan ?


Biographical data 

'Bal sTag rma was a copyist [of Buddhist texts] (ms. PT 1312


Titles 


Notes 

See also (some other ?) "sTag rma" mentioned as copyist(s ?) in ms. PT 1959 and ms. PT 1161.

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1161, 1312, 1959.

Mentioned in Dotson 2013-2014 [2015] p. 23


Wednesday, 30 August 2017

'Bro Leg leg

00530 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ?  

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan ?


Biographical data 

'Bro Leg leg was a copyist [of Buddhist texts] (ms. PT 1312). 


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1312.

Mentioned in Dotson 2013-2014 [2015] p. 23 

'Bro lHa gong

00531 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Xth century ? 


Biographical data 

'Bro lHa gong was a copyist [of Buddhist texts] and a contemporary of : 

- Ya ri btsan legs, reviser (ms. PT 1605).

- Klu skyes, reviser and copyist (ms. PT 1605).


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1605.


Tuesday, 29 August 2017

mNyan sNya skyes

00937
Other names / Alternative spellings 

mNyan sNya skyes (ms. PT 1312

mNyam sNya skyes (ms. PT 1312


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mNyam or mNyan family ?


Period of activity 

IXth century ?  

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

mNyan sNya skyes (or mNyam sNya skyes ?) was a copyist and a contemporay of the reviser Khug legs snang (ms. PT 1312). 


Titles 


Notes

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1312

Mentioned in Dotson 2013-2014 [2015] p. 23

'Bro lDog lha nos

00529 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Xth century ? 


Biographical data 

'Bro lDog lha nos was a copyist, and a reviser [of Buddhist texts]. He was a contemporary of the copyists Ya ri khri spos and Lang tse (ms. PT 1624


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1624

Lang gro Legs sum

00577 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Lang gro family 


Period of activity 

IXth century? 

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan?


Biographical data 

Lang gro Legs sum was a a copyist (ms. PT 1657PT 1638) and a reviser [of Buddhist texts] (ms. PT 1638). 

Lang gro Legs sum was a contemporary of :

- Nang gong dge rigs, copyist (ms. PT 1638

- Khrom zigs, reviser (ms. PT 1638

- Yo 'deng 'brug bzher, copyist (ms. PT 1638)

- rDo rje mjod, reviser (ms. PT 1638 the dge slong rDo rje mdzod of ms. PT 1550 ?) 

- Thang bzang seng 'ge dpal, reviser (ms. PT 1657)

- dPal gyi ngang tshul, reviser (ms. PT 1657), himself a contemporary of the IXth c. (?) 'Gong bom Yul byin  

- sNyan sNyas rim stang, reviser (read as "sNyas rim stang" in Lalou 1939-1961, ms. PT 1657).


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1368, 1657.




Monday, 28 August 2017

Cog ro mJal kong

00538 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Chog ro mJal kong (ms. PT 1996 verso

Cog ro mJal kong (ms. PT 1629


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ?

IXth century ?

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan ?

Reign of Mu ne brtsan ?

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan ?


Biographical data 

Chog ro mJal kong (ms. PT 1629) was a copyist and a contemporary of : 

- Chos kyi go cha, reviser (a ban de Chos kyi go cha may have been a contemporary of a reviser named Bee ro tsa na, see ms. PT 1583) 

- 'Phan la skyes, reviser

- Shang ben, reviser (a dge slong Shang ben was a contemporary of the VIIIth or IXth century Tshar long sPa 'du's, see ms. PT 1550)

- blon dGe legs

- Jin lHa bzang, copyist 

- Wang sTag brtan, reviser

- Wang dGe brtan, reviser


Titles 


Notes


Chog ro Klu legs

00537 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Chog ro Klu legs (ms. PT 1628 verso


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Xth century ? 


Biographical data 


Titles 


Notes 

See also (another ?) Klu legs, a copyist, (ms. PT 1333, PT 1343) and a contemporary of a reviser named dGe mchog (ms. PT 1452). 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1628, 1333, 1343, 1452


Chog ro g.Yu brtsan

00536 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Xth century ? 


Biographical data 

Chog ro g.Yu brtsan was a copyist (ms. PT 1594). 


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1594


Cog ro gSas mtso

00433 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Cog [...] g[...]s mtsho ? (ms. BD 9642 l. 1-2) 

Cog ro gSas mtso (ms. BD 9642 l. 29) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Cog ro gSas mtso had lands [in the Hexi corridor (near Dunhuang ?)] (ms. BD 9642 l. 29). 


Titles


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016.


dBa's za g.Yu mo dpal

00498 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

dBa's family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

[dBa's za g.Yu mo dpal was a buddhist lady (with a high social rank ?)] 

After dBa's za g.Yu mo dpal died, the to dog blon bTsan bzher made a copy of the Heart Sūtra and dedicated it to her merits (ms. PT 465 l. 19-20). 


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 465


'Bro za lHa mo

00497 
Other names / Alternative spellings

'Bro za lHa mo (m. PT 464, 2093) 

'Bro za lHa mo 'phan ? (ms. PT 402) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

['Bro za lHa mo was a buddhist lady.] 

After 'Bro za lHa mo's death, copies of the Devīmahākālīnāma-dhāraņī (ms. PT 402) and of the Heart Sūtra (ms. PT 464PT 2093were made and dedicated to her merits


Titles 


Notes

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 402, 464, 2093.


Friday, 25 August 2017

blon sKyes bzang rgyal kong

00234 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

sKyes bzang (insc. Lijiang l. 3) 

sKyes bzang rgyal kong (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 18, 19, 25) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Long la dag (a local chieftain from Nanzhao ?) rejected Chinese suzerainty and became a loyal (glo ba nyes) to the btsan po lha sras (Khri Srong lde brtsan ?), he paid homage to blon sKyes bzang (insc. Lijiang l. 3, see Takata 2006). 

In Monkey year [756], sKyes bzang rgyal kong gathered the summer assembly at Glagi bu chung and the winter assembly at Skyi'i phyi tshal with rGyal ta khri gong (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 18-20). 

sKyes bzang rgyal kong died in the summer of Bird year [757], after being requested to become 'og dpon of the blon che (Great Minister) [dBa's sNang bzher zla brtsan ?] (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 25-26 see also Dotson 2009 p. 139). 


Titles 

blon (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 18, 25, insc. Lijiang l. 3) 

blon che'i 'og dpon (ms. Or 8212.187 l. 25-26) 


Notes 

See also the medicine sent by sTag legs to (another?) blon sKyes bzang in ms. Or.15000/265 (found in Mîran, see Takeuchi 1997-1998 doc. 366).

Blon sKyes bzang rgyal kong is most likely to be identified to the Cog ro minister mentioned by later Tibetan historians in the early part of Khri Srong lde btsan's reign : 

- Cog ro sKyes bzang rgyal gong in dBa' bzhed (2010ed. p. 7, 9 transl. in Wangdu, Diemberger, Sørensen 2000 p. 35, 37), gCo re sKyes bzang rgyal gong in rBa bzhed (2010 ed. 265) 

- Thog ro sGyes gza' rgyal 'gong according to lDe'u jo sras (1987ed. p. 121), 

- lCog ro sKyes bza' rgyal gong according to mKhas pa lDe'u (2010 ed. p. 285), 

- Cog ro sKyes za rgyal 'gong according to bKa' thang sde lnga (2011ed. p. 378), see also "sKyes bzang rgyal ma 'og", one of the three Cog ro ministers with Legs sgra lha ldong and Cog ro Bo gong (bKa' thang sde lnga 2011ed. p. 338).

According to mKhas pa lDe'u Cog ro sKyes gza' rgyal 'gong erected the temple of mKhar stod gnam ru gong (2010ed. p. 282, see also Ne'u Pandita 2005ed. p. 29 : lCog ro sKya zang rgyal po built the temple of Khor stod gnam ri).

The dBa' bzhed states that Cog ro sKyes bzang rgyal gong died after his tongue and legs got completely dried (or emaciated ? skams, see dBa' bzhed p. 9, transl. in Wangdu, Diemberger, Sørensen 2000 p. 37, also in rBa bzhed 2010 ed. p. 265). 

According to the sBa bzhed lCog ro skyes bzang rgyal gong became paralysed (? lag ril) from the mouth (lce dang rkan "tongue and palate") and the legs and died ("lcog ro skyes bzang rgyal gong ni lce dang rkan dang rkang lag ril gu gu thul tu song nas gum" in sBa bzhed 2010ed. p. 69).


Cog ro Gyad cung

00425
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Cog ro Gyad cung had lands [in the Hexi corridor (near Dunhuang ?),] he was a contemporary (and a neighbour ?) of Cog ro lDong kong (ms. BD 9642 l. 10-11). 


Titles 


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016.


Thursday, 24 August 2017

Cog ro gTsug legs

00431 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan


Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Cog ro gTsug legs had lands [in the Hexi corridor (near Dunhuang ?),] neighbouring the lands of 'Bring yas sTag sku and rGya legs (ms. BD 9642 l. 26-28). 


Titles 


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016.

(Another ?) gTsug legs is also mentioned as a reviser in ms. PT 1423 and a copyist in ms. PT 1437. (see Lalou 1939-1961 doc. 1423 and 1437).


Cog ro lDong kong

00424 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Cog ro lDong kong belonged to the gcom ba'i sde (ms. BD 9642 l. 10-11). 


Titles 


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016. 

See also mention of (another ?) lDong kong (a contemporary of a blon mTsho bzher ?) in ms. PT 1147 (Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1147).


Chog ro dGe brtsan

00423
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Chog ro (= Cog ro ?) family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Chog ro dGe brtsan had lands [in the Hexi corridor (near Dunhuang ?),] neighbouring the lands of Cog ro Khrom bstsan and lDa cog (ms. BD 9642 l. 79, 11-14, a copyist named lDa cog klu bzher is mentioned in ms. PT 1312, see Lalou 1939-1961).


Titles 


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016.


Cog ro Khrom bstsan

00422 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Cog ro Khrom bstsan belonged to the gCom ba'i sde (ms. BD 9642 l. 7). 

Cog ro Khrom bstsan's had lands [in the Hexi corridor (near Dunhuang ?),] neighbouring the lands of Chog ro dGe brtsan (ms. BD 9642 l. 7-9). 


Titles 


Notes 

For an analysis and translation of ms. BD 9642 see Iwao 2016.


Wednesday, 23 August 2017

sNa nam Blo gros dbang po

00520 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sNa nam family

ban de (monk) 


Period of activity 

IXth century? 

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data

sNa nam Blo gros dbang po was a monk (ms. PT 1002 l. 5

The khams 'ul gyi rings lugs ban de sNa nam Blo gros dbang po, Myang sTag dgra rdog rje and the gzhi 'dzin ban de Thub brtan wrote an inventory of sacred texts in a Hog year (ms. PT 1002 l. 5-7). 


Titles

khams 'ul gyi rings lugs ban de ? (ms. PT 1002 l. 5-7). 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1002


Myang sTag dgra rdog rje

00519 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Myang family 


Period of activity 

IXth century? 

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Myang sTag dgra rdog rje, the khams 'ul gyi rings lugs ban de sNa nam Blo gros dbang po and the gzhi 'dzin ban de Thub brtan wrote an inventory of sacred texts in a Hog year (ms. PT 1002 l. 5-7). 


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1002


'O ma lde g.Yu brtsan

00581 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

'O ma lde family 


Period of activity 

IXth century ?  

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan ?


Biographical data 

'O ma lde g.Yu brtsan was a reviser and a contemporary of the copyist mThan dred phrug (ms. PT 1299 l. 22/ka zhi drug v 15).


Titles 


Notes 

See Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 1299

Mentioned in Dotson 2013-2014 [2015] p. 24