Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Friday, 30 March 2018

bTsan to re lhas byin

00205 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

bTsan btsan to re lhas byin (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 137-138) 

bTsan to re lhas byin (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 176, 194-195) 

bTsan to re (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 207, 210, 212, 216, 217, 220, ITJ 1368 l. 23) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family?*

zhang 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 





Biographical data 

In the winter of the Ox year [701-702], zhang bTsan to re lhas byin and Seng go sNang to re skyi zung gathered the assembly (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 137-138). 

In Dog year [710], zhang bTsan to re lhas byin, 'Bro zhang Khri bzang, Cog ro [Cung bzang 'dam kong (?)] were part of the Tibetan delegation which brought the Chinese princess Kim sheng ("Mun sheng" in ITJ 1368) to Tibet (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 22-24, PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 175-177). 

In Tiger year [714], 'bon Da rgyal bTsan zung and zhang bTsan to re lhas byin administrated the 'A zha people ('a zha'i mkhos bgyis) at Sil gu cin gyi 'o khol (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 194-195). 

Zhang bTsan to re [lhas byin] and dBa's Khri sum rje rtsang bzher gathered councils in the summer of Horse year [718], winter of Sheep year [719] and Monkey year [720] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 207-219).

dBa's Khri gzigs zhang nyen, zhang bTsan to re [lhas byin], and zhang Khri bzang stag tsab died in Bird year [721] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 219-222). 


Titles

zhang (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 137, 176, 194, 207, 210, 212, 216, 217, 220, ITJ 1368 l. 23). 


Notes

Zhang bTsan to re is most probably the Shang zan duo 尙贊咄 / Shang zan tu 尙贊吐 mentioned in Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu c. 709 (see transl. in Pelliot 1961 p. 13, 96).

*His family name is unknown. However, according to the historical context of his career (i.e. 'Dus srong's reign and the regency of 'Bro za Khri ma lod) and the fact that he is called zhang about three years before the birth of Khri lDe gtsug brtsan, he was probably a 'Bro.


Wednesday, 28 March 2018

Mun chang kong co

00156 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Mun chang kong co (ms. PT 1288 l. 11) 

Mun cang kong co (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 11, 85) 

Mun sheng kong co (inscr. Peace treaty l. e24) 

Wencheng gongzhu (pinyin Chinese name) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rGya nag (Chinese) 

btsan mo


Period of activity

VIIth century 

Reign of Srong brtsan sgam po 

Reign of Gung srong gung brtsan 

Reign of Mang slon mang rtsan 

Reign of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje (hegemony of mGar)


Biographical data

After the negotiations for an alliance between [the Tibetan] 'phrul gi lha btsan po Khri srong brtsan and the Lord of China (rgya rje) The'e tsong b'un bu sheng hvang te (i. e. Tang Taizong), Mun sheng kong co was given as a bride to the btsan po in the ceng kvan year (pinyin : zheng guan, 641, inscr. Peace treaty l. e23-e25, see also Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu in Pelliot 1961 p. 4, 83).

Mun chang was brought to Tibet by mGar sTong rtsan yul zung (ms. PT 1288 l. 11). 

Khri srong brtsan lived three years with Mun chang kong co and died (in 649/650, ms. PT 1288 l. 17). 

The funerals of the btsan mo Mun chang kong jo were performed in Sheep year (683) [she died three years earlier, in 680, according to Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu, see Pelliot 1961 p. 10, 89-90] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 85).


Titles 

btsan mo (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 85) 


Notes 

Wencheng is also mentioned by Yijing (635-713) in his Datang Xiyu Qiufa Gaoseng Zhuan : she met twice the pilgrim monk Xuanzhao who crossed Tibet on his way to northern India and on the way back, from Nepal to China (transl. in Chavannes 1894 p. 13-14, 20).

The Mun sheng kon[g] co mentioned in the Annals of 'A zha principality (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 22, 28-29) is usually thought to be princess Jincheng (see Dotson 2009 p. 14 for references). However, Yamaguchi Zuihô argues that ITJ 1368 refers to Wencheng whom he also identifies to Khon co Mang mo rje khri skar (see Yamaguchi 1996 p. 231-236).