Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Friday, 31 March 2017

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan

00050 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Khri lDe btsug brtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 66, PT 1287 l. 348) 

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 66, PT 1287 l. 338, 350) 

Khri lDe gtsug rtsan (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 186, zhol rdo ring inscr. l. s1-2, s9) 

rGyal btsug ru (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 146) 

rGyal gtsug ru (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 150, 153)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPu rgyal dynasty 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 


Biographical data 

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan's father was Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 66). 

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan's mother was mChims za bTsan ma thog thog steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 66). 

[Khri lDe gtsug brtsan alias] rGyal btsug ru was born in Dragon year [704] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 146). 

[Khri lDe gtsug brtsan alias rGyal btsug ru's] elder brother was lHa bal pho (most likely his half brother, from a different mother, ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 152).

[rGyal btsug ru's chinese consort] Kim sheng kong co arrived in Ra sa in Dog year [710] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 177, see also ms. PT 960 l. 58-59).

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan was enthroned at Brag mar in Rat year [712] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 185-186). 

The divine emperor of Tibet had faith in Buddhism (ms. PT 960 l. 52 "...dus de tsam na yang bod kyi lha btsan po las dam pa'i chos la dad...")

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan's blon che (great ministers) were successively :

- Khu Mang po rje lha zung [in 705] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 154-155)

- dBa's Khri gzigs zhang nyen [from 705 to 721] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 155-221)

- dBa's Khri sum rje rtsang bzher [from 721 to 725] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 223-237)

rNgegs Mang zham stag tsab [from 725 to 727] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 237-244)

- dBa's sTag sgra khong lod [from 727 to 728] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 245-249)

- 'Bro Cung bzang 'or mang [from 728 to after 747 ?] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 249-304) 

'Bal sKyes bzang ldong tsab [disgraced before 755 ?] (ms. PT 1287 l. 111-112, inscr. Zhol rdo ring l. s.5-s.20).

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan's consort was sNa nam za' Mang mo rje bzhi steng [she was the mother of  Khri Srong lde brtsan(ms. PT 1286 l. 66-67). 

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan had a son called lHas bon who died at Dron in the summer of Hare year [739] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 281-282).

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan's son and heir was Khri Srong lde brtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 66-67), born at Brag mar in Horse year [742] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 289-292). 

Khri lDe gtsug brtsan was killed by the disloyal ministers 'Bal sKyes bzang ldong tsab and Lang Myes gzigs [before 755] (inscr. Zhol rdo ring l. s5-s20).


Titles 

btsan po sras (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 150) 

btsan po (ms. PT 1287 l. 349, PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 153) 

btsan pho (zhol rdo ring inscr. l. s1) 

btsan pho yab (zhol rdo ring inscr. l. s8) 

myes (skar chung rdo ring inscr. l. 10) 

rgyal po (ms. PT 1287 l. 338 ) 

bod kyi lha btsan po (ms. PT 960 l. 52, 57)

lha btsan po (ms. PT 960 l. 52, 57)


Notes


'Dron ma lod

00167 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Je ba 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Je ba 'Dron ma lod was sent as a bride to the Turgesh Khagan (dur gyis kha gan, ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 268-269). 


Titles 

Je ba (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 268-269). 


Notes 

Je ba 'Dron ma lod's family links are unknown. 

Je ba was a lower social status than btsan mo, compare : "je ba [...] bag mar btang" (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 268-269 and 283-284) to the honorific "btsan mo [...] bag mar gshegs" (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 53 and 102, see also Uebach 1997 p. 62).


Khri ma lod

00168 
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Je ba 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Je ba Khri ma lod was sent as a bride to the lord of Bru zha in Dragon year [740] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 283-284). 


Titles 

Je ba (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 283)


Notes 

Je ba Khri ma lod's family links are unknown. 

Je ba was a lower social status than btsan mo, compare : "je ba [...] bag mar btang" (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 268-269 and 283-284) to the honorific "btsan mo [...] bag mar gshegs" (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 53 and 102, see also Uebach 1997 p. 62).


Thursday, 30 March 2017

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje

00048 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

'Dus srong mang po rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 65) 

Khri 'Dus srong (ms. PT 1287 l. 328, 482, PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 67, 70) 

'Dus srong (ms. PT 1287 l. 456, 488) 

Mang po rje (ms. PT 1287 l. 489) 

Bla dags 'phrul gyi rgyal po (ms. PT 1287 l. 330) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity 

VIIth century 

VIIIth century 


Biographical data 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's father was Mang slon mang rtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 64-65). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's mother was Bro' za (lady) Khri ma lod Khri steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 64-65). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje was born in Rat year [676] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 67). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's blon che (great ministers) were successively : 

 - mGar bTsan snya ldom bu (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 76-91) 

 - mGar Khri 'bring btsan brod (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 91-128). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje was enthroned in Bird year [685] by mGar Khri 'bring btsan brod (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 92-93). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's consort was mChims za bTsan ma thog thog steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 65-66). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje may have had an elder son called lHa bal pho (btsan po gcen lha bal phoKhri lDe gtsug brtsan's elder brother ? ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 152). 

In Sheep year [695] Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje had mGar bTsan snyen gung rton executed for being disloyal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 119-121). 

In Pig year [699] Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje received the Chinese emissary Je'u zhang sho (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 129-130). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje defeated the mGar and other disloyal ministers (ms. PT 1287 l. 331-332, 456). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje met Cog ro za (ms. PT 1287 l. 482). 

In the time of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje, Turks, 'Jang and Black and White Mywa where conquered (ms. PT 1287 l. 333-335). 

In Hare year [703] Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje conquered 'Jang (i.e. Nanzhao, ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 145). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's son and heir was Khri lDe btsug brtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 65-66). 

[Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje's son and heir] rGyal btsug ru [alias Khri lDe gtsug brtsan] was born in Dragon year [704] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 146). 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje died in Myva in Dragon year [704] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 148). 

In the time of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje the Gling gi khri rtse and other gtsug lag khang were built and supports of the three jewels were established (sKar chung rdo ring l. 7-10). 


Titles 

btsan po (ms. PT 1287 l. 328 456, 482, PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 70) 

btsan pho sras (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 67) 

myes (skar chung rdo ring l. 7) 


Notes 

Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje may have had three sisters : btsan mo (princess) sNya mo stengs, btsan mo Khri mo stengs and btsan mo Khri bangs.

lDe'u Jo sras (XIIIth c.) states that Khri 'Dus srong was killed by Hor people in lJang, in the Dragon year [704], and that his corpse was seized by Cog ro Khong khri (i. e. Chog ro Khong ge ?) and Cang dkar (see lDe'u Jo sras 1987 ed. p. 119).


Khri bangs

00161 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

btsan mo 


Period of activity 

VIIth century



Biographical data 

The btsan mo (princess) Khri bangs was married to the lord of the 'A zha people in Ox year [689] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 102-103). 


Titles 

btsan mo (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 102-103)


Notes 

Khri bangs may have been a daughter of Mang slon mang rtsan and a sister of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje (see Uebach 1997 p. 62).


Khri mo stengs

00160 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

btsan mo 


Period of activity 

VIIth century



Biographical data 

btsan mo Khri mo stengs went to rule the Dags territory in Rat year [688] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 101). 


Titles 

btsan mo (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 101). 


Notes

Khri mo stengs may have been a daughter of Khri Mang slon mang rtsan and a sister of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje. She was possibly married to 'bon Da rgyal Khri zung and may have been Da rgyal bTsan zung's mother (see Uebach 1997 p. 61).


Wednesday, 29 March 2017

sNya mo stengs

00158 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

btsan mo


Period of activity 


VIIth century


Biographical data 

sNya mo stengs was a btsan mo (imperial princess) married to sNya shur spung rye rgyug [a Zhang zhung lord ?] in Sheep year [671] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 52-53). 


Titles

btsan mo (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 53)


Notes 

sNya mo stengs may have been a daughter of Mang slon mang rtsan and a sister of Khri 'Dus srong mang po rje (see Uebach 1997 p. 60).


Mang slon mang rtsan

00046 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Khri Mang slon mang rtsan (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 18) 

Khri Mang slon (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 67-68) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPu rgyal dynasty 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 


Biographical data

Mang slon mang rtsan's father was Gung srong gung rtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 63-64). 

Mang slon mang rtsan's mother was Khon co Mang mo rje khri skar (ms. PT 1286 l. 63-64). 

Mang slon mang rtsan's consort was 'Bro za (lady) Khri ma lod Khri steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 64-65). 

Mang slon mang rtsan's son and heir 'Dus srong Mang po rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 64-65). 

Mang slon mang rtsan may have had three daughters : btsan mo sNya mo stengs (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 53), btsan mo Khri mo stengs (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 101) and btsan mo Khri bangs (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 102-103).

Mang slon mang rtsan's blon che (great minister) was mGar sTong rtsan yul zung (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 21-48). 

Mang slon mang rtsan died in Rat year [676], before the birth of [his son and heir] 'Dus srong Mang po rje (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 67-68). 


Titles 

btsan po sbon (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 18) 

btsan po (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 19-66) 

btsan po yab (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 69-75) 

yab (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 73) 


Notes


Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Gung srong gung rtsan

00044 
Other names / Alternative spellings  


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPu rgyal dynasty 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 


Biographical data 

Gung srong gung rtsan's father was Srong lde brtsan [alias Srong brtsan sgam po] (ms. PT 1286 l. 62-63). 

Gung srong gung rtsan's mother was Mong za Khri mo mnyen ldong steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 62-63). 

Gung srong gung rtsan's consort was khon co Mang mo rje khri skar (ms. PT 1286 l. 63-64). 

Gung srong gung rtsan's son and heir was Mang slon mang rtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 63-64). 


Titles 


Notes 

Gung srong gung rtsan likely died before his father Srong brtsan sgam po

Srong brtsan sgam po seems to have returned to power after Gung srong gung rtsan's death.


Khu Khri snya dgru zung

00063 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Khu Khri snya dgru' zung (PT 1287 l. 88) 

Khu Khri snya dgru zung (ITJ 0750 l. 72) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

Khu family 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 




Reign of Khri 'Dus srong Mang po rje 


Biographical data 

Khu Khri snya dgru zung fought with (?) the blon chen (great minister) mGar Mang zham sum snang [in the time of Srong brtsan sgam po (?)] (ms. PT 1287 l. 88). 

Khu Khri snya dgru zung and Ra sang rje sPung rye ryung were disgraced in Tiger year [678, i.e. two years after Mang slon mang brtsan's death and 'Dus srong Mang po rje's birth, when mGar bTsan snya ldom bu was ruling as blon chen] (ms. ITJ l. 72-73). 


Titles 


Notes


Monday, 27 March 2017

Se re khri

00100 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Se ra gri (ms. PT 1060 l. 94). 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran 


Period of activity 

Mythical Times ? 

Protohistory ? 


Biographical data 

Se re khri was lord in the country (yul) of 'Brog mo snam gsum (ms. PT 1286 l. 21-22). 

Se re khri's minister (blon po) was sKyang re gnag (ms. PT 1060 l. 95, PT 1286 l. 22, 23). 

Among the twelve petty rulers (rgyal pran), Se re khri/Se ra gri was the thirteenth (ms. PT 1060 l. 94-95, PT 12 86 l. 22). 


Titles 

rgyal pran (ms. PT 1286 l. 6) 

rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 22)

rgya po (ms. PT 1060 l. 94) 


Notes


Friday, 24 March 2017

Srong brtsan sgam po

00042
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Khri srong brtsan (ms. PT 1287 l. 84, 247, 288, 435, 446, 454, sKar chung rdo ring l. 4, Peace treaty inscritption l. e23) 

Khri srong rtsan (ms. PT 1288 l. 6, 13, 15, 17, 19, ITJ 1375 l. r1 r4 v1 v5) 

Srong brtsan (ms. PT 1287 l. 95, 301, 307, 327, 435) 

Srong rtsan (ms. PT 1288 l. 8)

Srong brtsan sgam po (ms. PT 1287 l. 299, 455) 

Srong lde btsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 62) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPu rgyal btsan po 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 


Biographical data 

Srong brtsan sgam po's father was Slon btsan rlung nam (ms. PT 1286 l. 61-62). 

Srong brtsan sgam po's mother was Tshes pong za 'Bring ma thog dgos (ms. PT 1286 l. 61-62). 

Srong brtsan sgam po may have been btsan mo Sad mar kar's brother (btsan po dral, ms. PT 1287 l. 401). 

Srong brtsan sgam po's younger brother was bTsan srong (ms. PT 1288 l. 8). 

Srong brtsan sgam po's consort was Mong za Khri mo mnyen ldong steng (ms. PT 1286 l. 62-63). 

Srong brtsan sgam po's son and heir was Gung srong gung rtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 62-63). 

When he was young, Srong brtsan sgam po had to face a revolt and his father gNam ri slon mtshan was poisoned (ms. PT 1287 l. 399-302). 

Srong brtsan sgam po's blon che (great ministers) were successively : 

- Myang Mang po rje zhang snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 83-85) 

- mGar Mang zham sum snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 87-88) 

- Khyung po sPung sad zu tse (ms. PT 1287 l. 93-94) 

- mGar sTong rtsan yul zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 101-102) 

- 'O ma lde Khri bzang lod btsan (ms. PT 1287 l. 102). 

Khri Srong brtsan renewed dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab's oath of fealty (ms. PT 1287 l. 247-298). 

During Srong brtsan sgam po's reign : 

- the Sum[-pa] realm (sum khams) was vassalised (ms. PT 1287 l. 84-85) 

- the 'A zha [people] was vassalized (ms. PT 1287 l. 306-307) 

- the Zhang zhung kingdom was conquered (ms. PT 1287 l. 433-434, PT 1288 l. 13-14) 

- writing system, law code, measurements etc. were established (ms. PT 1287 l. 451-455) 

Srong-brtsan sgam po lived three years with the chinese princess Mun chang kong co and died [in 649/650] (ms. PT 1288 l. 17).

After Srong brtsan sgam po's death, his grandson Mang slon mang brtsan became btsan po (ms. PT 1288 l. 17-18). 


Titles 

btsan po spu rgyal (ms. PT 1287 l. 288) 

btsan po (ms. PT 1287 l. 299) 

'phrul gyi lha btsan po (Peace treaty inscription l. e23). 


Notes


Seng go Myi chen

00119 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Myi chen (ms. PT 1287 l. 209, 213, 214) 

Song 'go Myi chen (ms. PT 1287 l. 216) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Seng go 


Period of activity 

VIIth century ? 



Biographical data 

Seng go Myi chen proposed to lead the military campaign against the rebellious [principality of] Dags po ruled by Dags po lHa de (ms. PT 1287 l. 203-205). 

Khyung po sPung sad zu tse opposed Seng go Myi chen's proposal (ms. PT 1287 l. 205-209). 

After answering to Khyung po sPung sad zu tse's objections, Seng go Myi chen was chosen [by gNam ri slon mtshanto lead the military campaign against Dags po (ms. PT 1287 l. 203-214). 

Seng go Myi chen fought Dags po lHa de (ms. PT 1287 l. 214). 

Seng go Myi chen conquered Dags po (ms. PT 1287 l. 214).

Seng go Myi chen was rewarded and praised for the conquest of Dags po (ms. PT 1287 l. 214-218). 


Titles 

dmag pon (ms. PT 1287 l. 213) 


Notes


Thursday, 23 March 2017

Dags za 'i Gyim pang ma'

00154 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Dags 


Period of activity 

Mythical Times ? 

Protohistory ? 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Dags za 'i gyim pang ma' was a lady from Dags po, possibly residing in the bSen fortress (ms. PT 1286 l. 2) 


Titles 


Notes


Dags po lHa de

00153 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Dags ? 

rgyal pran


Period of activity 

VIIth century ? 



Biographical data 

Dags po lHa de was a vassal of gNam ri slon mtshan (ms. PT 1287 l. 203-204). 

The Dags po fortress was bSen mkhar (ms. PT 1287 l. 216). 

Dags po [lHa de] rebelled against gNam ri slon mtshan (ms. PT 1287 l. 203-204). 

Dags po lHa de fought against Seng go Myi chen, and was defeated (ms. PT 1287 l. 214). 

Dags po was subjugated (ms. PT 1287 l. 214). 


Titles 


Notes


Mong sNgon po

00152 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

Mong family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 



Biographical data 

Mong sNgon po was found guilty of disloyalty by Khyung po sPung sad zu tse (ms. PT 1287 l. 201-202).

Mong sNgon po was killed by Khyung po sPung sad zu tse for being disloyal (ms. PT 1287 l. 202). 


Titles 


Notes 



Mang po rje sum bu

00151 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran ?


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 



Biographical data 

Mang po rje sum bu fled to the "land of the Turks" (dru gu yul) after dGu gri zing po rje was defeated by gNam ri slon mtshan (ms. PT 1287 l. 183). 


Titles 


Notes 

His name may be interpreted as "Mang po rje Sum, the son" [of dGu gri zing po rje] (Bacot, Toussaint, Thomas 1946, p. 137).


Wednesday, 22 March 2017

rTsang rje Thod kar

00087 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

rTsang rje'i Phyva' (ms. PT 1060 l. 74) 

rTsang rje Pva 'a (ms. ITJ 734 l. 7r292-293, 7r298) 

rTsang rje Phva (? ms. PT 1285 l. r186) 

rTsang rje Phva 'a (ms. ITJ 734 l. 7r294)

rTsang rje'i thod kar (ms. PT 1286 l. 8, PT 1290 l. r4, v5) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran 


Period of activity 

Mythical times ? 

Protohistory ? 


Biographical data 

The lord (rje) rTsang rje'i phyva and the god (lha) rTsang la 'i bye'u were residing at the dNgo fortress (dngo mkhar) in rTsang stod (ms. PT 1060 l. 74).

rTsang rje Pva 'a was residing in rTsang shul mtho (? ms. ITJ 734 l. 7r 292).

rTsang rje phva was residing in rTsang pho phyed kar (ms. PT 1285 l. r184 = rTsang ro dbyes kar ? ms. PT 1285 l. r171).

rTsang rje thod kar was residing in Myang ro'i phyir khar (ms. PT 1290 l. v5). 

rTsang rje'i phyva'/rTsang rje thod kar's ministers (blon po) were Su du and gNang (ms. PT 1060 l. 74-75, PT 1286 l. 8, PT 1290 l. v5). 


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1060 l. 74, PT 1290 l. r4, v5, v7) 


Notes


mNon bZang to re

00145 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mNon family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 


Biographical data 

mNon bZang to re was dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab's zhang po (maternal uncle ? ms. PT 1287 l. 154-155).

mNon bZang to re's son was mNon Pang sum 'dron po (ms. PT 1287 l. 155-156).

mNon bZang to re was brought in the conspiracy against dGu gri zing po rje by [his nephew (?)] dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab, but died soon after (ms. PT 1287 l. 154-155).


Titles 


Notes


mNon Pang sum 'dron po

00114 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

mNon 'Dron po (ms. PT 1287 l. 174, 181, 192) 

Pang sum 'dron po (ms. PT 1287 l. 155-156, 236) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mNon family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 



Biographical data 

mNon Pang sum 'dron po was a son of mNon bZang to re (ms. PT 1287 l. 155-156). 

mNon Pang sum 'dron po belonged to dGu gri zin po rje's entourage (nang kor, ms. PT 1287 l. 155-156). 

After his father's death, mNon Pang sum 'dron po joined the conspiracy against dGu gri zing po rje initiated by Myang Tseng sku and dBa's dByi tshab (ms. PT 1287 l. 155-156). 

Together with dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab and Myang sMon to re tseng sku, mNon Pang sum 'dron po swore an oath of fealty to sTag bu snya gzig (ms. PT 1287 l. 159-163). 

After sTag bu snya gzigs's death, mNon 'Dron po, Myang Tseng sku, dBa's dByi tshab, dBa's Pu tshab, and Tshes pong Nag seng swore an oath of fealty to Slon mtshan and Slon kol (ms. PT 1287 l. 173-178).

mNon Pang sum 'dron po took part in the campaign against dGu gri zing po rje (ms. PT 1287 l. 236-237). 

During the campaign against dGu gri zing po rje, mNon Pang sum 'dron po and Myang Tseng sku were sent to sTag pa sha ru (? ms. PT 1287 l. 180-181). 

After the victory over dGu gri zing po rje, mNon Pang sum 'dron po was rewarded and received the 1500 servant families (bran khyim) from his own mNon siblings (pu nu po) and others (ms. PT 1287 l. 192-193, for a translation of these lines, see Hill 2010 p. 564 instead of Bacot, Thomas, Toussaint 1946 p. 138). 


Titles 


Notes

"gNon 'Phan gsum 'gron po skyes" was dpa zla of dBu ru stod in the time of Srong btsan sgam po (mKhas pa lde'u 2010 ed. p. 247). 


Tuesday, 21 March 2017

dBa's sTag po rje myes snang

00112 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

dBa's Myes snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 173-174, 178) 

sTag po rje myes snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 195, 297) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

dBa's family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century 




Biographical data

dBa's sTag po rje myes snang and dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab were dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab's nephews (tsha bo, ms. PT 1287 l. 195-196, 296-298), they were thus possibly sons of his younger brother dBa's shos to re khru gu

dBa's sTag po rje myes snang and dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab joined the oath of fealty sworn to Slon mtshan and Slon kol (ms. PT 1287 l. 173-174, 177-178). 

After gNam ri slon mtshan's victory over dGu gri zing po rje, dBa's sTag po rje myes snang and dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab were promoted as dku' rgyal (ms. PT 1287 l. 195-196). 

dBa's sTag po rje myes snang and dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab were bound by the oath of fealty sworn by dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab to Srong brtsan sgam po (ms. PT 1287 l. 247-298). 


Titles 


Notes 

Tsha bo could be understood either as grandson (transl. Bacot Toussaint Thomas 1946 p. 147) or as nephew (transl. Bacot Toussaint Thomas 1946 p. 139). The latter seems more likely in the context of the first mention of dBa's Pu tshab and dBa's Myes snang (i.e. death of dBa's dByi tshab's brother and absence of his sons).


dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab

00113 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

dBa's Pu tshab (ms. PT 1287 l. 174, 178) 

Mang po rje pu tshab (ms. PT 1287 l. 195-196, 297) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

dBa's family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century 




Biographical data 

dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab and dBa's Mang po rje myes snang were dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab's nephews (tsha bo, ms. PT 1287 l. 195-196, 296-298), they were thus possibly sons of his younger brother dBa's shos to re khru gu

dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab and dBa's Mang po rje myes snang joined the oath of fealty sworn to Slon mtshan and Slon kol (ms. PT 1287 l. 173-174, 177-178). 

After gNam ri slon mtshan's victory over dGu gri zing po rje, dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab and dBa's Mang po rje myes snang were promoted as dku' rgyal (ms. PT 1287 l. 195-196). 

dBa's Mang po rje pu tshab and dBa's Mang po rje myes snang were bound by the oath of fealty sworn by dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab to Srong brtsan sgam po (ms. PT 1287 l. 247-298). 


Titles 


Notes 

Tsha bo could be understood either as grandson (transl. Bacot Toussaint Thomas 1946 p. 147) or as nephew (transl. Bacot Toussaint Thomas 1946 p. 139). The latter seems more likely in the context of the first mention of dBa's Pu tshab and dBa's Myes snang (i.e. death of dBa's dByi tshab's brother and absence of his sons).