Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Monday, 31 July 2017

Cog ro sTong re khong zung

00472 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Cog ro sTong re khong zung (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 48) 

sTong re khong zhung (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 49) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

Reign of Khri lDe gtsug brtsan


Biographical data 

In Ox year [713] Cog ro sTong re khong zung's daughter (bu mo) was given as a bride to Ma ga tho gon kha gan, lord of the 'A zha (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 48). 

Later in the same year, sTong re khong zhung received the silver insignia (dngul gyi yi ge, ms. ITJ 1368 l. 49). 


Titles 


Notes


Shud pu Khri gzu sbur cung

00471 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Shud pu family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Shud pu Khri gzu sbur cung was promoted (in replacement of an unknown official) c. Ox year [713] (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 42) 


Titles 


Notes


Friday, 28 July 2017

'Bro zhang Khri bzang

00468 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

'Bro zhang Khri bzang ? (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 23) 

'Bro zhang Khri bzang kha ce stang ? (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 23) 

'Bro Khri bzang (reconstructed name)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 

zhang 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

Regency of 'Bro za Khri ma lod khri steng ? 


Biographical data 

'Bro zhang Khri bzang was part of a delegation including zhang bTsan to re and a Cog ro (Cung bzang 'dam kong ?) which brought the chinese princess "Mun sheng"  (i. e. Kim sheng) [c. 710 ?] (ms. l. ITJ 1368 22-24). 


Titles 

zhang (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 23) 


Notes 

In case ms. ITJ 1368 refers to the coming of princess Jincheng in the begining of the VIIIth century (for references, see Dotson 2009 p. 14), 'Bro zhang Khri bzang might be identified to the Shang Jilizang mentioned in Chinese documentation as the father of Shang Zanmo (zhang bTsan ba) and the grand-father of Shang Qixiner (zhang Khri sum rje, see Demiéville 1952 p. 288).


Thursday, 27 July 2017

Cog ro Cung bzang 'dam kong

00383 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Cog ro family


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 



Biographical data 

Cog ro Cung bzang 'dam kong was part of the Tibetan delegation including Khri gdas that paid homage to the 'A zha ruler Ma ga tho gon kha gan [prior to Monkey year 708 ?] (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 1-3). 


Titles 


Notes


Wednesday, 26 July 2017

zhang mDo bzher

00315 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mChims ? 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 



Biographical data 

Zhang mDo bzher was made dmag dpon (general) of rMa grom [in Sheep year 755] (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 13-14). 

In the summer [of Sheep year 755] ministers (blon) mDo bzher, Khri sgra and Mang rtsan 'pan gang gathered the mDo smad assembly and led armies against Te'u cu (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 14-15). 

In the winter [of Bird year 757,] the ministers Mang rtsan ['pan gang] and mDo bzher gathered the mDo smad assembly at gTse nam yor (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 27-28). 

In the summer [of Hog year 759,] the ministers Khri sgra and mDo bzher gathered the mDo smad assembly at dBu le (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 34-35). 


Titles 

zhang (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 13-14) 

blon (ms. Or. 8212.187 l. 15, 28, 34, PT 1078bis l. 25 ?) 


Notes

(Another ?) blon mDo bzher is mentioned in ms. PT 1078bis l. 25 ("a judgement on a case of land dispute [...] in Dunhuang") 

According to mKhas pa lde'u, mChims 'dom bzher spre chung (likely zhang mDo bzher, mChims was a zhang family in that time), sBas gSal snang, 'Gos Khri bzang yab lhag, mChims rGyal gzigs klu theng, Ngam sTag ra klu gong were ministers in the later part (sku tshe smad) of Khri Srong lde brtsan's life (mKhas pa lde'u 2010 ed p. 285).

See also blon chen bgres po mDo bzher sgre chung in bKa' thang sde lnga 2011 ed. p. 68


jo mo rGyal mo brtsan

00198 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

rGyal mo brtsan (inscr. bSam yas bell l. 1) 

Byang chub (inscr. Khra 'brug bell l. 10) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Bro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century 

IXth century 


Reign of Mu ne brtsan 



Biographical data 

In the time of Khri Srong lde brtsan, jo mo rGyal mo brtsan was the mother (yum) of a son (sras) and offered a [first] bell (inscr. bSam yas bell). 

In the time of Khri lDe srong brtsan, she was known under the religious name of jo mo Byang chub and offered a [second] bell, casted by the Chinese monk Rin chen (inscr. Khra 'brug bell l. 10-12) 


Titles 

jo mo (inscr. bSam yas bell l. 1) 

yon bdag jo mo (inscr. Khra 'brug bell l. 10) 


Notes 

Ne'u Pandita states that 'Bro bza' Byang chub was known as "Khri rgyal btsan mo" before her ordination (Ne'u Pandita 2005 ed. p. 26). 

The ordination of "empress" 'Bro and her efforts to propagate [chinese] buddhism are also mentioned in Chinese documentation (see Demiéville 1952 p. 25-33).

See also Richardson 1985 p. 32-35, 82-83, Uebach 1997 p. 63-64.


Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Myang lHa mthong

00460 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

lHa mthong ? (ms. Or 1500/233 l. r4)

 
Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Myang family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

According to a document found at Mazar Tagh, (the soldier ?) Myang lHa mthong requested a period of leave (khor zhag, ms. Or. 15000/101 l. 2-3). 

According to another document found at Mazar Tagh, Myang lHa mthong belonged to the district (sde) of Yang rtsang (ms. Or. 15000/112 l. r2).

lHa mthong seems to be mentioned in yet another document found at Mazar Tagh (ms. Or 1500/233 l. r4).

Myang lHa mthong was a contemporary of a blon Klu sgra*, in a horse year... (ms. Or 1500/112 l. 1)


Titles 


Notes 

On ms. Or. 15000/101, Or. 15000/112, and Or. 1500/233, see Takeuchi 1997-1998 doc. n° 163, 174, and 299. 

*See lHo blon Klu sgra and zhang Klu sgra?




Monday, 24 July 2017

dBrad

rus0028 
Alternative spellings 

dBrad (ms. PT 1286 l. 16, PT 1290 l. v7) 

Brad (ms. PT 1290 l. r6) 

dBrang (ms. PT 1290 l. r7) 


Functions 

blon po 


Notes 

Before the unification of the Tibetan plateau, dBrad / Brad / dBrang and "Zhug tshams" were serving as ministers (blon po) for Drang rje rnol namthe petty ruler of Sribs yul (ms. PT 1286 l. 16, PT 1290 l. v7, r6, r7).


dBrad Chas slebs

00451 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

dBrad 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

dBrad Chas slebs was a mngan in Shing shan and an contemporary of 'A zha g.Yu brtsan (ms. Or. 15000/185 l. r3). 


Titles 

mngan (ms. Or. 15000/185 l. r3) 


Notes 

On ms. Or. 15000/185 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 n° 249


'Greng ro Khyi thug

00453
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

'Greng ro family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

'Greng ro Khyi thug and rTsig lHa rtsa skyes are mentioned as witnesses on a loan contract found in Miran (ms. Or. 15000/430 l. r7). 


Titles 


Notes 

On ms. Or 15000/430 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 doc. n° 546.


Lang Sa dro

00441 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Lang (= Rlang family ?) 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Lang Sa dro was rtse rje [at Shing shan ?] (ms. Or. 15000/24 l. r5). 


Titles 

rtse rje  (ms. Or. 15000/24 l. r5) 


Notes 

On ms. Or. 15000/24 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 doc. n° 78 

The name of the rtse rje Lang Sa dro may be compared to the name of the brung pa Lang Sa tseng who died in Hare year [715] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 199).


Thursday, 20 July 2017

Yab bla bdag drug

00000 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Yab lha bdag drug (ms. PT 1286 l. 30) 

Yab bla bdag drug (ms. PT 1286 l. 42, ITJ 731 l. r60) 

Ya bla bdag drug (ms. ITJ 731 r. 62-r 63, inscr. rKong po l. 3) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

phyva deity 

lha deity ?


Period of activity 

Myth 


Biographical data 

Yab bla bdag drug was residing in [the celestial realm called] "gNam lhab kyi bla" (ms. PT 1286 42) or "gNam gyi ya bla dgung gi ya stengs" ("Ya stengs of the celestial supreme high sky" ? ms. ITJ 731 l. r59).

Yab bla bdag drug was [an ancestral deity of the sPu rgyal btsan po,] the father of seven sons, the middle one was Khri 'i bdun tshigs (ms. PT 1286 l. 30-31, 42). 


Titles 

rje (ms. ITJ 731 l. r60, r62) 

mgon tshun pyva (ms. ITJ 731 l. r60) ? 

mgon tshun phyvas (ms. ITJ 731 r. 63) ? 

thog ma phyva (inscr. rKong po l. 3) 


Notes 

See also the father mGon tshun phyva' and the mother Ta nga ngur mo tang (or Ta nga ngur mo?) also residing in the celestial realm of gNam gyi ya bla dgung gi ya stengs ? (ms. PT 1134 l. 11-12). 


According to mKhas pa lde'u 129na-130ba (2010 ed. p. 217-220), the srid pa'i lha rabs mched bzhi (the four sons of yab sTag cha yal yol and yum Tshe za Khyad khyud), played dice to decide who would stay in the divine land (lha yul) and who would go to the human land (mi yul).

The two younger lost :

- rGya la 'brong went to act as the god of the rGya people (rgya mi mangs) and had nine sons

- 'O de gung rgyal went through intermediary space to earth where he acted as god of men and fathered nine gods (lha) from various mothers and then had another son
The two older brothers won :

- Phya la bram chen became the god (lha) of the mGon btsun phya, he fathered the phya lcam dral drug.

-gcen Yab lha brdal drug acted as lord of all gods (lha thams cad kyi rje) at the top of the thirteen celestial levels (gnam rim pa bcu gsum gyi steng nga), he had three older sons (Rong rong rtsol po - father of the Zhang zhung gods, Khri rga stag gzigs - father of the Sum pa gods, and Than tsho zo 'brang), three younger sons (lHa rje gung rtsan, lHa rje thog rtsan, lHa rje zin gdags), a daughter (Thang nga lha mo), and a middle son (Bar gyi bdun tshigs - father of gNya' khri).

See also "Yab la brdal drug" in rGyal po bka' thang II (bKa' thang sde lnga 2011ed. p. 87): 

"...bod kyi btsan po 'o de spur rgyal de / gnam gyi lha las mi yi rje ru gshegs / tshangs pa phyag nas gnam lha than dgur brgyud / gnam than sprin than char than than dgur byon / rtags chags wal wal sras po mched bzhi la / rje gcig yab la brdal drug bya ba byon / de la sras mchog spun 'dun 'khrungs pa las / bar lha tshigs bdun yab yum mched la gnod / yab yum skor bon zhang po'i yul du spyugs / dmu bza' lde me btsun dang bshos pa'i sras / gnya' khri yan 'khrungs srid pa'i lha rabs yin / rje gcig gnya' khri btsan po bya ba de / mgo nag mi dang srog chags rkyen du byon /..."

"Yab bla bdal drug" in Srid rgyud (2010ed., p. 226-227):

" ... de nas stag chag 'tshams bza' bshos pa'i sras / rje yab bla bdal drug yin / de yi sku srung mu cho ldem drug yin / phya rje yab bla bdal drug dang / dmu btsun rgyal mo gnyis kyi sras / lhe'u rje mched bdun bya ba yin / lha sras de'i bdun tshigs ni / khri sad 'bar ba zhes kyang bya / de zhang po dmu yi yul du spyugs / dmu za gnyis mthing ma dang bshos pa la / yar gshegs su ni yum grongs la /mar gshegs su ni sras mnol bas / ltag pa'i bdud sgor skra nyag gcig dang 'khril nas gshegs pa'i sras / lde nyag ri brtsad so lags so / yab bla bdal drung gdung rgyud las / bdun tshig khri sad 'bar gyi sras / gnam dgu byon pa'i ming / rje gnya' khri btsad po yin /..."

See also Yab lha brda drug in Rlangs kyi po ti bse ru 1986 ed. p. 5.

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

Da rgyal bTsan zung

00204 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Da rgyal bTsan zung (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 157, 179, 181) 

Da rgyal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 160-161, 184, 186, 188, 194, 196) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Da rgyal 

Dags ? 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century



Biographical data 

'Bon da rgyal btsan zung and dBa's Khri gzigs zhang nyen gathered councils in Horse year [706], Sheep year [707], Hog year [711], Rat year [712] and Ox year [713] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 157, 160-161, 179-181, 184-186, 188-189). 

In Tiger year [714], 'bon Da rgyal bTsan zung and zhang bTsan to re lhas byin administrated the 'A zha people ('a zha'i mkhos bgyis) at Sil gu cin gyi 'o khol. Later in the same year, 'bon Da rgyal btsan zung and dBa's Khri gzigs zhang nyen led [Tibetan armies] to 'Bu shing kun (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 194-196). 


Titles 

'bon da rgyal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 157, 160-161, 179, 181, 184, 186, 188, 194, 196) 


Notes 

Da rgyal is thought to be the title or the family name of the rulers of Dags po (see Dotson 2009 p. 35 and Uebach 1997 p. 61, following Uray 1963, see also references to "sPu rgyal", "Da rgyal" and "rKong rgyal" and to "Dar rgyal sProg zin" in ms. ITJ 734 l. 4r125, 8r335). 

'Bon Da rgyal bTsan zung was possibly the son of 'bon Da rgyal Khri zung and btsan mo Khri mo stengs (see Uebach 1997 p. 61).


Tuesday, 18 July 2017

Da rgyal Khri zung

00186 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Da rgyal Khri zung (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 63, 98, 100-101) 

Da rgyal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 118)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Dags ? 

Da rgyal 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 



Biographical data 

In Hog year [675] 'bon Da rgyal Khri zung offered a great gold vessel (or a lot of gold and copper, or gilded copper ? gser zangs chen po, ms. PT 1288-ITH 750 l. 63). 

In Hog year [687] 'bon Da rgyal khri zung, gNubs Mang nyen bzhi brtsan, and mGar sTa gu ri zung met (i.e. gathered the assembly ?) in bZang sum tsal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 98-99). 

'Bon Da rgyal khri zung gathered the winter [assembly] at Zhogs gyi tshur lung in Hog year [687] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 100-101). 

dBon Da rgyal [Khri zung] and blon che (Great Minister) [mGar] Khri 'bring gathered the assembly at rTsang gyi gling kar tshal in Tiger year [690] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 105-106). 

In the winter of Horse year [694-695] 'bon Da rgyal and gNubs Mang nyen bzhi brtsan gathered the assembly at Glagi pu chung, 'bon Da rgyal [Khri zung] died soon after (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 118). 


Titles 

'bon (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 63, 98, 100-101, 118) 

dbon (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 105)  


Notes

Da rgyal is thought to be the title or the family name of the rulers of Dags po (see Dotson 2009 p. 35 and Uebach 1997 p. 61, following Uray 1963, see references to "sPu rgyal", "Da rgyal" and "rKong rgyal" and to "Dar rgyal sProg zin" in ms. ITJ 734 l. 4r125, 8r335).

'bon Da rgyal Khri zung was likely the husband of btsan mo Khri mo stengs who was sent to rule the Dags territory in Rat year [688]. He may also have been Da rgyal bTsan zung's father (See Uebach 1997 p. 61).


Kam Khri bzang

00440 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Kam Khri bzang ? (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 25-26) 

Kam Khri bzang bye 'da' ? (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 25-26) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Kam family 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 



Biographical data 

Kam Khri bzang (or Kam Khri bzang bye 'da' ?)  was murdered in mDo smad in the Hog year [653].


Titles 


Notes 

On Kam Khri bzang's murder see Dotson 2009 p. 85.


Kam

rus0016 
Alternative spellings 


Functions

blon po 


Notes 

Before the unification of the Tibetan plateau, Kam and Rlang were ministers of 'Bal lJi rmang ru ti in Sum yul (ms. PT 1286 l. 21). 

In the Old Tibetan Annals "Kam" is used both as a family name for a Tibetan official and as a transcription of a Chinese family name (see Kam Khri bzang and the chinese envoy Kam Keng, ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 25-26, 143 ).


Da rgyal Mang po rje

00244 
Other names / Alternative spellings

Mang po rje (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 24, 37)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

Da rgyal

Dags ?


Period of activity

VIIth century

Reign of Mang slon mang rtsan


Biographical data

Da rgyal Mang po rje collected the "zhing gyi phying ril" taxes in Ox year [653] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 24)

Da rgyal Mang po rje fought the Chinese general Se'u den pang at mTsho nag stong ru in Sheep year [659]. Da rgyal Mang po rje was slain but his armies killed many Chinese soldiers (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 24).


Titles

Da rgyal (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 24, 37)


Notes

Da rgyal is thought to be the title or the family name of the rulers of Dags po (see Dotson 2009 p. 35 and Uebach 1997 p. 61, following Uray 1963, see references to "sPu rgyal", "Da rgyal", and "rKong rgyal", and to "Dar rgyal sProg zin" in ms. ITJ 734 l. 4r125, 8r335)


Thursday, 6 July 2017

chen po zhang lHa bzang

00237 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

lHa bzang po (ms. ITJ 751 l. 36v2) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Tshes pong family? 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century? 

IXth century 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reing of Mu ne btsan




Biographical data  

'Bro Khri sum rje stag snang and chen po zhang lHa bzang defeated rGya, Drug, lJang and other kings of the borders (China, Turks and Nanzhao, ms. ITJ 751 l. 36v1-36v3, 40r1).

In the land of dByar mo thang, at De ga g.yu tshal, 'Bro Khri sum rje stag snang and zhang chen po lHa bzang built a gtsug lag khang (ms. ITJ 751 l. 41v1-41v2).

In a Sheep year [827 or 839?*]zhang lHa bzang, zhang Leg sum brtsan and others gathered an assembly  (? ms. PT 1297.3 l. 1).


Titles 

chen po zhang (ms. PT 16 l. 26r2, 27r1, 29r4, 29v4, ms. ITJ 751 l. 36v2 39r2, 40r1) 

zhang chen po (ms. PT 16 l. 28v4, ms. ITJ 751 l. 41v1, 41v3) 

zhang? (ms. PT 1297.3 l. 1) 


Notes 

Chen po zhang lHa bzang is most likely the "Shang La zang xu lü po" of Chinese documentation (see Demiéville p. 280-281 in the 1952 ed.), and the Tshe spong zhang lHa bzang klu dpal mentioned in later Tibetan chronicles (such as Ne'u pandita 2005 ed. p. 29). 

The title chen po zhang / zhang chen po (great/elder maternal uncle or maternal uncle superior ?) may refer to lHa bzang's elder status as compared to 'Bro Khri sum rje stag snang : as a member of the Tshes pong family, lHa bzang [klu dpal] would have been linked to Tshes pong za rMa rgyal ldong skar (Khri Srong lde brtsan' s queen and the mother of Khri lDe srong brtsan ) while 'Bro Khri sum rje stag snang would be linked to 'Bro za lHa rgyal mang mo rje (i. e. Khri lDe srong brtsan's queen mother of Khri gTsug lde brtsan and 'U 'i dum brtan ). 

In the bKa' thang sde lnga lHa bzang klu dpal is a blon chen "skilled in war" (dmag gi mkhas pa 2011 ed. p. 379). 

Later Tibetan documentation usually associates lHa bzang klu dpal with the reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan : 

- according to the Padma bka' thang he was sent as a representative of Khri Srong lde btsan at the time of Padmasambhava's arrival in Tibet (see U rgyan gling pa 1996ed p. 368) 

- the rGyal rabs gsal ba'i me long states that the dmag dpon lHa bzang klu dpal sang a song during the foundation of bSam yas (rGyal rabs gsal ba'i me long 2005ed. 219, Sørensen 1994 p. 396).

Ms. PT 1297.3 transl. in Takeuchi 1995 p. 153-158. 

On lHa bzang klu dpal see also Stoddard 1997.

see Takeuchi 1995 p. 154

Rlang Zhang zig

00418 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Rlang family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Rlang Zhang zig is mentioned in a fragment found in Mîrân (Or.15000/422 l.v1). 


Titles 

Notes On ms. Or.15000/422 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 n° 538

Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Rlang sTagu

00417 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Rlang family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Rlang sTagu is mentioned in a letter sent by Legs zigs to jo co sTag stsang bzher and found in Mazar Tagh (ms. Or.1500/119 l.5) 


Titles 


Notes


Tuesday, 4 July 2017

Rlang sPe to

00416 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Rlang sPe to ? (ms. Or.15000/376 l. 2) 

Rlang sPe tos ? (ms. Or.15000/376 l. 2) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Rlang family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Rlang sPe to is mentioned on a document found in Mîrân (ms. Or.15000/376 l. 2) 


Titles 


Notes 

On ms. Or.15000/376 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 n° 488


Rlang lHa skyes

00415 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Rlang family 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan

Reign of 'U 'i dum brtan


Biographical data 

Rlang lHa skyes, Rlang lHa bzher and blon bCan zigs are mentioned on a document found in Mîrân (ms. Or.15000/486 l. r3) 


Titles 


Notes

On ms. Or.15000/486 see Takeuchi 1997-1998 n° 602