Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Tuesday, 28 February 2017

gShen Khri bzher 'dron kong

00133 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

gShen (ms. PT 1287 l. 144, 145, 192) 

gShen Khri bzher (ms. PT 1287 l. 145) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

gShen family or priest ? 


Period of activity 

Protohistory ? 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 

Reign of gNam ri slon mtshan


Biographical data 

gShen Khri bzher 'dron kong was dGu gri zing po rje's "khol tshab nang blon" (inner minister and khol tshab ? ms. PT 1287 l. 145-146). 

gShen's territory was Za gad (ms. PT 1287 l. 192). 

gShen Khri bzher 'dron kong killed dBa's bShos to re khru gu in a fight (ms. PT 1287 l. 143-144). 

dBa's Phang to re dbyi tshab complained to dGu gri zing po rje about the murder of his younger brother bShos to re khru gu, but dGu gri zing po rje ruled the case in favour of gShen Khri bzher 'dron kong (ms. PT 1287 l. 144-146). 

After dGu gri zing po rje was defeated by gNam ri slon msthan, Za gad was given to dBa's Phang to re dbyi tshab (ms. PT 1287 l. 192) 


Titles 

khol tshab nang blon (ms. PT 1287 l. 145-146) 


Notes


Lig sNya shur

 00086
Other names / Alternative spellings

Leg sNya shur (ms. PT 1290 l. r.3, v.5)

Lag sNya shur (ms. PT 1290 l. V. 5)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

rgyal pran

Lig dynasty or family ?

sNya shur ?


Period of activity

VIIth century



Biographical data

Lig sNya shur reigned over Zhang-zhung (ms. PT 1286 l. 07)

Lig sNya shur was residing in the castle of Khyung lung rngul mkhar (ms. PT 1060 l. 63-64).

Lig sNya shur's ministers (blon po) were Khyung po and Ra stsang rje (ms. PT 1060 l. 64) or, more likely, Khyung po Ra sangs rje and sTong Lom ma tse (ms. PT 1286 l. 7, PT 1290 l. v5).

Lig sNya shur was defeated during the reign of the btsan po Srong brtsan sgam po and Zhang zhung was vassalised (ms. PT 1288 l. 13-14).


Titles

rgyal po (ms. PT 1060 l. 64)

zhang zhung dar pa'i rjo bo (ms. PT 1286 l. 7)

dar ma'i rje bo (ms. PT 1290 l. r.3, v.5)


Notes

According ms. PT 1290 (l. r. 3) Leg sNya shur's ministers were She'u and sPug, this is contradicted by all the other sources (see above). She'u and sPug are usually attributed to sKyi rje rmang po.

Lig sNya shur might be identical with Lig Myi rhya (see Blezer 2010)

See also "zhang zhung gi rgyal po gnya' zhur lag mig" in dBa' bzhed (dBa' gsal snang 2010 ed. p. 52 and 55).

mNga' ris rgyal rabs mentions the "nub phyogs gnya' shur gyi rgyal po" as being defeated in the time of "gNam gri srong btsan", before the birth of Srong btsan sgam po (in Vitali 1996, p. 21).


Lig Myi rhya

00130 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran ? 

Lig dynasty or family ? 

sNya shur ?


Period of activity 

VIIth century 

Reign of Srong brtsan sgam po ? (d. 649) 


Biographical data 

Lig myi rhya reigned over Zhang zhung (ms. PT 1287 l. 433). 

Lig myi rhya's consorts were Shud ke za (lady) rTsal thing shags and Sad mar kar (ms. PT 1287 l. 398-399). 

Lig myi rhya favoured Shud ke za rTsal thing shags over Sad mar kar (ms. PT 1287 l. 399-401). 

Lig myi rhya was defeated by the btsan po [Srong brtsan sgam po ?] (ms. PT 1287 l. 433). 


Titles 

zhang zhung gi rgyal po (ms. PT 1287 l. 433) 


Notes 

Lig myi rhya might be identical with Lig snya shur (see Blezer 2010).

According to later chronicles, the daughter of Lig Myi rhya was taken as a bride by Srong btsan sgam po, see among others:

- mNga' ris rgyal rabs : "...zhang zhung kyi rgyal po lig mi kSHa'i sras mo li thog sman yang khab tu bzhes..." (in Vitali 1996 p. 27)

- Chos 'byung me tog snying po sbrang rtsi'i bcud : "zhang zhung gi rgyal po ling dmig bkra'i sras mo lha gcig mig sman gyis lkog pa'i thugs dam bzhengs /" (Nyang nyi ma 'od zer 2010 ed. p. 233 )

- rGya bod kyi chos 'byung rgyas pa: "zhang zhung gi rgyal po li mig gi sras mo lig tig mig spyan drangs nas / jo mos kyang lag ris su srong btsan gyi zur bzhir lha khang bzhi brtsigs" (mKhas pa lde'u 168 na 168 ba, 2010ed. p. 282-283)

- mKhas pa'i dga' ston: "zhang zhung bza' li thig sman gyis them bu bkog pa'i lha khang bzhengs" (dPa' bo gtsug la 'phreng ba 2003 ed. vol. 1 p. 24)


Shud ke za rTsal thing shags

00131 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Shud ke za rTsal ting shags (ms. PT 1287 l. 400) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Shud ke 


Period of activity 

VIIth century

Reign of Srong brtsan sgam po (d. 649) 


Biographical data 

Shud ke za (lady) rTsal thing shags was a consort of king Lig myi rhya of Zhang zhung (ms. PT 1287 l. 398-399). 

Shud ke za rTsal thing shags was favoured by Lig myi rhya over queen Sad mar kar (ms. PT 1287 l. 399-401).


Titles 


Notes

Possibly the same as the Zhang zhung lady She ku mentioned by lDe'u Jo sras?

"...bal mo gza' khri btsun gyis 'phrul snang bzhengs / rgya mo za ong cong gyis ra mo bzhengs / zhang zhung gza' she kus brag lha rtse bzhengs /..." (lDe'u jo sras 1987 ed. p. 117) 



Monday, 27 February 2017

Mong za Khri mo mnyen ldong steng

00043 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Mong family 

btsun mo 


Period of activity 

VIth century ?

VIIth century

Reign of Srong brtsan sgam po 


Biographical data 

Mong za (lady) Khri mo mnyen ldong steng was Srong brtsan sgam po's consort (ms. PT 1286 l. 62-63). 

Mong za Khri mo mnyen ldong steng's son was Gung srong gung rtsan (ms. PT 1286 l. 63-64) 


Titles 


Notes


Mar mun

00129 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran


Period of activity 

Reign of gNam ri slon mtshan

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Mar mun was the lord of rTsang bod (ms. PT 1287 l. 75, 199). 

Mar mun was defeated (brlag "destroyed") by Mong Khri do re snang tshab (ms. PT 1287 l. 75). 

Mar mun was beheaded by Khyung po sPung sad zu tse in the time of gNam ri slon msthan (ms. PT 1287 l. 198-199). 

The land of rTsang bod was vassalised by Khyung po sPung sad zu tse in the time of gNam ri slon mtshan  (ms. PT 1287 l. 200, 319). 


Titles 

jo bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 75) 

rjo bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 199) 


Notes


Mong Khri do re snang tshab

00107 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Mong family 


Period of activity 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs

Reign of gNam ri slon mtshan

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Mong Khri do re snang tshab became blon che (great minister) after Shud pu rGyal ro re nga myi (ms. PT 1287 l. 72-75). 

Mong Khri do re snang tshab defeated Mar mun, lord of Tsang bod (in the time of gNam ri slon mtshan ? ms. PT 1287 l. 75). 

After Mong Khri do re snang tshab, mGar Khri sgra 'dzi rmun became blon che (ms. PT 1287 l. 79). 


Titles 

blon chen (ms. PT 1287 l. 63) 


Notes




Friday, 24 February 2017

Shud pu rGyal to re nga myi

00106 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Shud pu family 

blon che 


Period of activity 

Reign of 'Bro mnyen lde ru ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs ? 

Reign of gNam ri slon mtshan ? 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Shud pu rGyal to re nga myi became blon che (great minister) after gNubs mNyen to re ngan snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 72-73). 

After Shud pu rGyal to re nga myi, Mong Khri do re snang tshab became blon che (ms. PT 1287 l. 74-75). 


Titles 

blon chen (ms. PT 1287 l. 63) 


Notes



sPug

rus0014 
Alternative spellings 

sPung (ms. PT 1287 l. 165)


Functions 

blon po


Notes 

sPug was a family or clan of ancient Tibet. Before the unification, they are usually mentioned as ministers (blon po) of sKyi rje Mang po (ms. PT 1060 l. 77, PT 1286 l. 10, PT 1290 l. r4-v6). They were also servants (bran) of Tshe spong Nag seng


sPug Gyim tang rmang bu

00118 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

sPung Gyim tang rmang bu (ms. PT 1287 l. 165-166) 

Gyim tang rmang bu (ms. PT 1287 l. 172) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sPug 


Period of activity 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 


VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu was Tshe spong Nag seng's servant (bran, ms. PT 1287 l. 165). 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu knew about the conspiracy against dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum (ms. PT 1287 l. 165-166). 

Because he was afraid to speak in his sleep, sPug Gyim tang rmang bu avoided to sleep with his wife, pretending that he was possessed by a yi dags spirit (ms. PT 1287 l. 166-168). 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu and his wife then started to quarrel about everything (ms. PT 1287 l. 168-169). 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu affected to restore friendly relations with his wife (ms. PT 1287 l. .170). 

One night, sPug Gyim tang rmang killed his wife by cuting her tongue with his teeth (ms. PT 1287 l. 170-171). 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu fell ill and died, his line was cut (ms. PT 1287 l. 172). 


Titles 


Notes 

sPug Gyim tang rmang bu has to be distinguished from another character with a very similar name, sPug Gyim brtsan rmang cung, who lived in the time of Srong btsan sgam po. Since sPug Gyim tang rmang bu's line was apparently cut after he died, sPug Gyim brtsan rmang cung cannot be considered as his son (maybe a brother ?). 

They probably have to be identified to two characters named by sGa ston tshul khrims rgyal mtshan in a list of twenty scholars (mkhas pa nyi shu) : lde bon Gyim tsha rma chung and lde bon Gyim tang rma bo (see sGa ston tshul khrims rgyal mtshan's bsTan pa'i shan 'byed 'phrul gyi me long, p. 29).


Thursday, 23 February 2017

Myang sMon to re tseng sku

00110 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

sMon to re tseng sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 137) 

Myang Tseng sku (ms. PT. l. 139, 180, 191) 

Myang Tse sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 173) 

Myang smon to re (ms. PT 1287 l. 156, 218-219) 

Tseng sku smon to re (ms. PT 1287 l. 235) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Myang family


Period of activity 

Protohistory 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 


VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku was a relative (a son ?) of Myang Nam to re khru gru (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku was a servant of mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po who resided in the castle of sDur ba (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku complained about Pa tsab za's behavior to the overlord dGu gri zing po rje, but his complaint was rejected and the case was ruled in favour of Pa tsab za (ms. PT 1287 l. 138-142). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku and dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab initiated a conspiracy against dGu gri zing po rje and swore a first oath of fealty to the sPu rgyal btsan po [sTag bu snya gzig] (ms. PT 1287 l. 147-154). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku brought Tshes pong Nag seng in the conspiracy against dGu gri zing po rje (ms. PT 1287 l. 156-157). 

Myang [sMon to re tseng sku] and dBa's, joined by mNon 'Dron po, renewed their oath of fealty to sTag bu snya gzigs (ms. PT 1287 l. 159-161). 

After sTag bu snya gzigs's death, Myang sMon to re tseng sku, dBa's dByi tshab, dBa's Pu tshab, mNon Dron po, Tshes pong Nag seng swore an oath of fealty to Slon mtshan and Slon kol (ms. PT 1287 l. 173-178). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku and mNon 'Dron po were sent [to spy (?)] in sTag pa sha ru (ms. PT 1287 l. 180-181). 

Myang sMon to re tseng sku blocked the waters of Klum (ms. PT 1287 l. 235). 

After dGu gru zing po rje's defeat, Myang sMon to re tseng sku received the castle of sDur ba (ms. PT 1287 l. 190-191). 

Tshes pong, Myang, dBa's and "mThon" (= mNon) were truthful, offered many servant families and lands to the btsan po [gNam ri] and became ministers (blon po, ms. PT 1287 l. 197-198). 

Myang sMon to re's son was Myang Mang po rje zhang snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 218). 


Titles 

blon po (ms. PT 1287 l. 197-198). 


Notes 

Myang Tseng cung and his pha spun (paternal uncle or agnate sibling ms. PT 1287 l. 194) Myang Mu gseng were both bound by the oath sworn to Slon mtshan and Slon kol by Myang sMon to re tseng sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 177-178). 

It is likely that Myang Tseng cung and Myang Mu gseng were either respectively a son and a brother of Myang sMon to re tseng sku or two sons born from different wives.


Myang Nam to re khru gru

00125 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

Myang family


Period of activity


VIth century ?


Biographical data

Myang Nam to re khru gru was a servant (bran) of mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po (and a subject of dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum, ms.PT 1287 l. 136-137). 

Myang Nam to re khru gru was a relative (spad, the father ?) of Myang sMon to re tseng sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137). 


Titles


Notes


Wednesday, 22 February 2017

gNubs rje'i sris pa

00088 
Other names / Alternative spellings  

gNubs rje 'i sris pa (ms. PT 1286 l. 9, PT 1290 r4) 

gNubs rje 'i sris ba (ms. PT 1290 v6) 

gNubs rje sribs pa (ms. ITJ 0734 l. 7r300)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

gNubs family ? 

gyal pran 


Period of activity 

Mythical times ? 

Protohistory ? 


Biographical data 

gNubs rje 'i sris pa reigned in : 

 - gNubs gyi kling dgu' (ms. PT 1286 l. 8-9)

 - gNubs yul gyi gling dang dgun (ms. PT 1290 l. r4)

 - gNubs shul king drug (ms. PT 734 l. 7r300)

gNubs rje 'i sris pa's ministers (blon po) were rMe'u and Gro (ms. PT 1286 l. 8) or rMe'u and lJang (ms. PT 1290 r4).


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 9, PT 1290 l. r4, v6)


Notes

rMe'u is also mentioned as a minister of dBye rje Khar ba (ms. PT 1039 l. 8)


'Bal lJi rmang ru ti

00099
Other names / Alternative spellings 

'Bal lji rmang (PT 1287 l. 519) 

'Thal lji rmang ru ti ? (ms. PT 1286 l. 21, according to OTDO

'Bal lji rmang ru ti ? (ms. PT 1286 l. 21 according to Bacot, Thomas, Toussaint 1946 p. 84) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal phran 

'Bal family ?


Period of activity 

Mythical times ? 

Protohistory ? 


Biographical data 

'Bal lji rmang ru ti ruled over Sum yul gyi ya sum (ms. PT 1286 l. 20-21) 

His ministers (blon po) were Rlang and Kam (ms. PT 1286 l. 21) 


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 21) 


Notes 

The first part of the name of this character is translitterated as 'thal in OTDO but the reading 'bal seems more likely after a comparison with ba and tha from ms. PT 1286 (images extracted from Gallica).

'thal or 'bal (PT 1286 l. 21)
  

tha  in mtha' ma (ms. PT 1286 l. 28)
  

ba in dba's (ms. PT 1286 l. 13)
  


"Bal lce rmang ru ti" is mentioned in the dGa' thang 'bum pa byol rabs. He is residing in Bal yul lang thang at the 'Bal castle of Kha rag sgo rgu (see Bellezza 2010 p. 63-64).

Tuesday, 21 February 2017

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po

00117 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

'Dzi zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 132, 133, 137, 138) 

mNyan 'Dzi zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 136, 140, 191) 

Nag po (ms. PT 1287 l. 133) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mNyan family 


Period of activity 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 



Biographical data 

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po was a minister (blon po) of Zing po rje stag skya bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 129) 

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po criticised Zing po rje stag skya bo's governance and was dismissed (ms. PT 1287 l. 129-133) 

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po entered dGu khri Zing po rje's service and murdered Zing po rje stag skya bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 133-134) 

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po received the castle of sDur ba in lower Klum ya sum (ms. PT 1287 l. 135-136) 

Among mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po's serfs were Myang Nam to re khru gru and Myang sMon to re tseng sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137) 

mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po's wife was a Pa tsab za (lady) (ms. PT 1287 l. 135-136) 

Myang Tseng sku complained to dGu khri Zing po rje about Pa tsab za's behaviour but was rejected (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137). 

After dGu khri zing po rje was defeated by gNam ri slon mtshan, mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po's castle of sDur ba as well as his five hundred servant families were given to Myang sMon to re tseng sku (ms. PT 1287 l. 190-191). 


Titles 

blon po (ms. PT 1287 l. 129, 132-133) 


Notes


Nam pa 'i bu gseng ti

00094
Other names / Alternative spellings

Gu nam pa'i bug seng ti (ms. PT 1290 l. r6-7)

Gu nam pa'i bu gseng ti (ms. PT 1290 l. v7)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

rgyal pran


Period of activity

Mythical times ?

Protohistory ?


Biographical data

Nam pa 'i bu gseng ti was ruling in Klum ro 'i ya sum (ms. PT 1286 l. 14-15) or Glum ro 'i ya sum (ms. PT 1290 l. r6-7, v7)

Nam pa 'i bu gseng ti's ministers (blon po) were Myang and sBrang (ms. PT 1286 l. 15, PT 1290 l. r6-7, v7).


Titles

rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 15, PT 1290 l. r6-7, v7).

 
Notes

According to the Old Tibetan Chronicle, the territory of "Klum ya sum" passed from Zing po rje stag skya bo, to dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum (ms. PT 1286 l. 134-135) who gave "lower Klum ya sum" (klum ya sum kyi smad) to mNyan 'dzi zung nag po (ms. PT 1286 l. 135-136). None of this local rulers' names seems related to Nam pa'i bu gseng ti.

However, "Myang" is connected to Klum ya sum in the Catalogues of Principalities as well as in the Old Tibetan Chronicle :

 - as minister (blon po) for Nam pa'i bu gseng ti (ms. PT 1286 l. 15, PT 1290 l. r6-7, v7)

 - as servant (bran) of mNyan 'dzi zung nag po (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137)



Monday, 20 February 2017

Zing po rje stag skya bo

00121
Other names / Alternative spellings 

sTag skya bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 134)

sKya bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 134)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran ?


Period of activity 

Protohistory 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzig 

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 


Biographical data 

Zing po rje stag skya bo was residing at Nyen kar rnying pa (ms. PT 1287 l. 118)

Zing po rje stag skya bo's territory included Yel rab sde bzhi and Klum ya gsum (ms. PT 1287 l. 134-135)

Zing po rje stag skya bo was an authoritarian and unfair ruler (ms. PT 1287 l. 124-129)

Zing po rje stag skya bo's minister (blon po) was mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po (ms. PT 1287 l. 129) 

mNyan 'dzi zung nag po openly openly disapproved Zing po rje stag skya bo governance (ms. PT 1287 l. 129-131)

mNyan 'dzi zung nag po was banished, he joined dGu gri zing po rje, lord of Ngas po, and murdered Zing po rje stag skya bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 133-134)


Titles 

rjo bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 124-130)

jo bo (ms. PT 1287 l. 127) 


Notes

Zing po rje stag skya bo does not seem to be included in the Old Tibetan Catalogues of Principalities. 


Sunday, 19 February 2017

dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum

00090 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

dGu gri zing po rje (ms. PT 1287 l. 183, 234) 

dGu khri zing po rje khri pas sum (ms. PT 1290 l. r.5) 

dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum (ms. PT 1290 l. v.6) 

dGug gri'i zing po rje (ms. PT 1286 l. 11) 

Zing po rje khri pang sum (ms. PT 1287 l. 133, 135, 139) 

Zing po rje khri pangs sum (ms. PT 1287 l. 119) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran 


Period of activity

VIth century ? 

VIIth century ? 

Reign of sTag bu snya gzigs 



Biographical data 

dGu gri zing po rje was the lord of Ngas po (ms. PT 1286 l. 11, PT 1290 l. r. 5). 

dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum was residing in sDur ba'i yu sna (ms. PT 1287 l. 119). 

dGu gri zing po rje was contacted by mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po, Zing po rje stag skya bo's rejected minister (ms. PT 1287 l. 133). 

dGu gri zing po rje annexed Zing po rje stag skya bo's territory, Klum ro, and Yul yel (ms. PT 1287 l. 134-135). 

dGu gri zing po rje rewarded mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po for Zing po rje stag skya bo's murder (ms. PT 1287 l. 136-137). 

dGu gri zing po rje's ministers (blon po) were mGar and mNyan ['Dzi zung nag po ?] (ms. PT 1286 l. 11). 

dGu gri zing po rje's mngan was dBa's bShos to re khru gu (ms. PT 1287 l. 143)

dGu gri zing po rje rejected Myang Tseng sku's complaint and ruled the case in favour of Pa tshab za, mNyan 'Dzi zung nag po's wife (ms. PT 1287 l. 139-142). 

dGu gri zing po rje rejected dBa's Phangs to re dbyi tshab's complaint about the murder of his younger brother dBa's bShos to re khru gu and ruled the case in favour of gShen Khri bzher 'dron kong (ms. PT 1287 l. 144-146). 

Because of dGu gri zing po rje's unfair rulings, his dBa's and Myang subjects shifted their fealty to sTag bu snya gzigs, they were later joined by mNon bZang to re and his son mNon Pang sum 'dron po (ms. PT 1287 l. 148-154). 

dGu gri zing po rje was defeated by gNam ri slon mtshan (ms. PT 1287 l. 183). 

dGu gri zing po rje's heir might have been the "Mang po rje sum bu" who fled to the "land of the Turks" (dru gu yul, ms. PT 1287 l. 183).


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1290 l. r.5, v.6) 


Notes



Saturday, 18 February 2017

Dags rgyal gyi sprog zin

00097 
Other names / Alternative spellings

Dar rgyal sprog zin (ms. ITJ 0734 l. 8r335) 

gDad rgyal sprog zin (ms. PT 1039 l. 12-13) 

Dags rgyal sprogs zhin (ms. PT 1285 l. r23) 

Dags rgyal gyi sprog zin (ms. PT 1286 l. 18-19) 

Dags rgyal spro zin la (ms PT 1285 l. r. 91) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran

Dags ? 

Da rgyal 


Period of activity 

Mythical times ? 

Protohistory ? 


Biographical data 

Dags rgyal gyi sprog zin was ruling in : 

- Dags shul shing nag (ms. PT 1285 l. r23, r178 ) 

- Dags shul shing nad (ms PT 1285 r91) 

- Dags yul shing nag (ms. ITJ 734 l. 8r334-335) 


His ministers were : 

- Pha gu and Pog rol (ms. PT 1286 l. 18-19) 

- dGum and Phog rol (ms. PT 1039 l. 12-13) 


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1039 l. 12, PT 1286 l. 18-19, ITJ 734 l. 8r335) 


Notes 

[The ministers (?)] "Pho gum" and "Phog rol" are also connected to dBye rje mKhar pa (ms. PT 1060 l. 76)


Friday, 17 February 2017

Myang tsun rgyal po

00096
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Myang tsun gyi rgya po (ms. PT 1060 l. 87)

Myang tsun slang rgyal (ms. PT 1286 l. 18)

Myang chun rgyal po (ms. PT 1285 l. r20)

Myang tsun rgyal po dog (? ms.  ITJ 0734 l. 8r341)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

Myang family ?

rgyal pran


Period of activity

Mythical times ?

Protohisory ?


Biographical data 

Myang tsun rgyal po was ruling over : 

 - Myang yul shing nag (ms. PT 1060 l. 87)

 - Myang dang thags sum (or tum ?  ms. PT 1285 l. r19-20)

 - Myang yul gyi rta gsum (ms. PT 1286 l. 17)

 - Myang yul shing sngon (ms.  ITJ 0734 l. 8r341)

His ministers (blon po) were 'O ru and sPrags (ms. PT 1286 l. 18)


Titles 

rje (ms. PT 1060 l. 87, PT 1286 l. 18, ITJ 734 l. 8r341)


Notes


mChims rje Ne'u

00098 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

mChims rje ne'u (ms. PT 1060 l. 81)

mChims rje ne 'u (ms. ITJ 734 l. 8r338) 

mChims rje 'i ne 'u (ms. PT 1286 l. 20)

mChims rje gNyi zla tshe'u (? ms. PT 1285 l. r92)

mChis rje gNyi zla tshe'u (? ms. PT 1285 l. r21-22)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mChims family ?

rgyal pran


Period of activity 

Mythical times ?

Protohistory ?



Biographical data

The mChims lord Ne'u ruled in :

 - mChims yul dku yul (ms. PT 1039 l. 15)

 - mChims yul dgu sul (ms. PT 1060 l. 81-82, PT 1285 l. r21-22, r91-92)

 - mChims shul dgu sul (? ms. PT 1285 l. r.179)

 - mChims yul dgu shul (ms. PT 1280 l. 19-20)

 - mChims [...] kyi dgra sul (ms. ITJ 734 l. 8r338)

The ministers (blon po) of the mChims lord were :

 - rDe'u (?) and Phyags (ms. PT 1039 l. 15-16)

 - Dang and Ding (or Ding ding, ms. PT 1060 l. 81-82, 1286 l. 20)

In the country mChims yul dgu sul, the deity mChims la'i Than 'tsho, the lord mChims rje Ne'u... (ms. PT 1060 l. 81, see also ms. PT 1285 l. r180).
 

Titles

rje (ms. PT 1039 l. 15, PT 1060 l. 81, PT 1286 l. 20, ITJ 734 l. 8r338).


Notes


Drang rje rnol nam

00095
Other names / Alternative spellings

Drang rje 'i rnol nam (ms. PT 1286 l. 16)

Dang rje 'i tsho rnol nam (ms. PT 1290 l. r6, r7, v7)

Drang rje rnol nam (ms. ITJ 734 l. 8r310)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

rgyal pran


Period of activity 

Mythical times ?

Protohistory ?



Biographical data

Drang rje rnol nam ruled over a place named :

- Sribs yul gyi ral mo gong (ms. PT 1286 l. 15-16).

- Sribs sna'i 'ol mo gong (ms. PT 1290 l. r6, r7).

- Sribs sna'i 'ol no gong (ms. PT 1290 l. v7).

- Ngas po khra sum (ms. ITJ 734 l. 8r310), which seems unlikely, this territory being usually associated to dGu gri zing po rje khri pang sum.

His ministers were (b)Zhugs-tsam(-na) and dBrad / Brad / dBrang (ms. PT 1290 l. r6, r7, v7).


Titles

rje (ms. PT 1290 l. r6, r7, v7, ITJ 734 l. 8r310).


Notes

A mythical ancestor of the sPu rgyal dynasty mythical had a similar name : gNam lde rnol nam


bTsan srong

00122 
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

gcung, younger brother of the btsan po 


Period of activity 

Early VIIth century 


Reign of Khri srong btsan (sgam po)


Biographical data 

bTsan srong was Khri Srong btsan [sgam po]'s younger brother (ms. PT 1288 l. 8-9). 

Being Khri Srong btsan [sgam po]'s younger brother, bTsan srong was thus gNam ri slon mtshan's younger son. He may have been btsan mo Sad mar kar's brother and a son of Tshes pong za (lady) 'Bring thog dgos

bTsan srong seems to have opposed his brother Khri Srong btsan and may have died (in fire? ms. PT 1288 l. 8-9). 


Titles 


Notes