Social groups

'A zha (2) 'Bal (6) 'Ber (3) 'Bre (2) 'Bring yas (9) 'Bro (33) 'Brom (5) 'Bu na (1) 'Da'r (1) 'Dan ma (1) 'Dral (2) 'Go (1) 'Go 'bom (5) 'Gong bom (3) 'Greng ro (6) 'Jang (4) 'O ma lde (4) 'Ol (2) 'Ol god (1) An (6) Bal po (4) Bam (9) ban de (13) bKrags (2) blon chen (37) bon po (1) Brag (2) Bran ka (3) btsan mo (6) btsun mo (17) Byin (1) Ce (1) Cog ro (33) Da rgyal (4) Dags (6) dBa's (24) dBrad (2) De'u (1) dGro snya (4) dre (1) Dru gu (2) gcen (3) gcung (4) Gle'u (1) gNang (3) gNo' (1) gNubs (12) gnyan (1) gNyi ba (5) gNyos (2) Gro (2) gshen (3) Gu rib (4) gZhams (3) je ba (2) Je'u (2) Jeng (2) Kam (3) Kang (1) Khe rgad (1) Khu (8) Khyung po (6) klu (1) Lang gro (6) lCi sa (2) lCog la (1) lDe sman (4) lDe'u (2) lha (13) lHa lung (1) lHo (4) Lig (2) Mar (1) Mar kong (1) mChims (17) Meg le (4) mGar (13) mGos (2) mkhan po (13) mKhar pa (1) mNon (5) mNyan (3) Mon (1) Mong (3) mThon myi (2) Myang (17) Myva (4) nang rje po (7) Nem (1) Ngan lam (4) Pa gor (2) Pa tsab (5) pho nya (12) Pho yong (1) Phung (1) phyva (1) Reb kong (4) rGya gar (11) rGya nag (12) rgyal pran (23) rHya (2) Rlang (19) rMa (2) rMe'u (1) rNgegs (8) Rong spo (4) rTsig (1) Ru yong (2) Rye shin (1) Sag (1) sBrang (3) Seng go (6) She'u (1) Shud ke (1) Shud pu (4) sKa ba (2) sKya tsa (7) sKyi (3) sman (1) sNa nam (13) sNya shur (5) sPu rgyal btsan po (43) sPug (4) srin (10) Sro (1) sTang (3) Sum pa (2) Tre (2) Tshar long (7) Tshes pong (14) Update (1) Wang (1) Yo gang (5) Zha snga (3) zhang (36) zhu chen (6)

Tuesday, 31 January 2017

Khri spe btsan po

00010
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

Khri spe btsan po was De khri btsan po 's son and heir (ms. PT 1286 l. 46-48).

The father [De khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Khri spe btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).

Khri spe btsan po's son and heir was Dri gum btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 46-48).

The father [Khri spe btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Dri gum btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47). 


Titles


Notes



De khri btsan po

00009
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

De khri btsan po was So khri btsan po 's son and heir (ms. PT 1286 l. 46-47).

The father [So khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [De khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).

De khri btsan po's son and heir was Khri spe btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 46-47).

The father [De khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Khri spe btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).


Titles


Notes


'O lde spu rgyal

00066
Other names / Alternative spellings

'Ol lde spu rgyal (ms. PT 1285 l. r189)

'O lde spu rgyal (ms. PT 1285, PT 1286, ITJ 0734, ITJ 0751)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

'O lde spu rgyal came from the gods of the sky to rule over men (Phyong rgyas rdo ring inscr. l. 1, ms. ITJ 0751 l. 35v2)

'O lde spu rgyal resided in Yar lung sogs dkar or Yar khyim sogs kar, the god of his land was Yar lha sham po (ms. PT 1285 l. r27-28, ITJ 0734 l. 8r321-322) and was linked with lDe gshen rmun bu (ms. ITJ 0734 l. 8r322-323, ms. PT 1285 l. r189)

'O lde spu rgyal's helmet could not be defeatedhe submitted the "twelve petty kings" (ms. PT 1286 l. 28-29)


Titles

yul rje (ms. ITJ 0734 l.8r322)

btsan po lha sras (inscr. Phyong rgyas rdo ring l. 1)

'phrul gyi lha btsan po (inscr. Peace treaty rdo ring l. e5)

myi'i rje (inscr. Phyong rgyas rdo ring l. 2 )


Notes

Whether 'O lde spu rgyal is the same as 'O de gung rgyal or not seems a bit unclear from Old Tibetan documentation.

It is also unclear whether 'O lde spu rgyal has to be identified to Nya khri btsan po  since both shares a similar function as divine ancestor of the sPu rgyal btsan po.



See "'O de spur rgyal" in rGyal po bka' thang II (bKa' thang sde lnga 2011ed. p. 87): 

"...bod kyi btsan po 'o de spur rgyal de / gnam gyi lha las mi yi rje ru gshegs / tshangs pa phyag nas gnam lha than dgur brgyud / gnam than sprin than char than than dgur byon / rtags chags wal wal sras po mched bzhi la / rje gcig yab la brdal drug bya ba byon / de la sras mchog spun 'dun 'khrungs pa las / bar lha tshigs bdun yab yum mched la gnod / yab yum skor bon zhang po'i yul du spyugs / dmu bza' lde me btsun dang bshos pa'i sras / gnya' khri yan 'khrungs srid pa'i lha rabs yin / rje gcig gnya' khri btsan po bya ba de / mgo nag mi dang srog chags rkyen du byon /..."

According to Ne'u Pandita (XIIIth century), 'O ste spu rgyal reigned between Khri gum btsan po and Tho legs btsan pothus identifying him to sPu de gung rgyal (Ne'u Pandita, sNgon gi gtam me tog 'phreng ba zhes bya ba, p. 5).

Monday, 30 January 2017

So khri btsan po

00008
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

So khri btsan po was Ding khri btsan po 's son and heir (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

The father [Ding khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [So khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).

So khri btsan po's mother was So tham tham (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

So khri btsan po's son and heir was De khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

The father [So khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [De khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47). 


Titles


Notes


So tham tham

00007
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

btsun mo


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

So tham tham was the consort of Ding khri btsan po and the mother of So khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286).


Titles


Notes


Sa ding ding

00005
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

btsun mo


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

Sa ding ding was the consort of Mu khri btsan po and the mother of Ding khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286).


Titles


Notes







Ding khri btsan po

00006
Other names / Alternative spellings


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

Ding khri btsan po was Mu khri btsan po 's son and heir (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

Ding khri btsan po's mother was Sa ding ding (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

The father [Mu khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Ding khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).

Ding khri btsan po's consort was So tham tham (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

Ding khri btsan po's son and heir was So khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46).

The father [Ding khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [So khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).


Titles


Notes


Mu khri btsan po

00004
Other names / Alternative spellings

Mug khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 45)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

Mu khri btsan po was Nya khri btsan po's son and heir (ms. PT 1286 l. 44-45)

Mu khri btsan po's mother was gNam mug mug (ms. PT 1286 l. 44-45)

The father [Nya khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Mu khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).

Mu khri btsan po's consort was Sa ding ding (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46)

Mu khri btsan po's son and heir was Ding khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 45-46)

The father [Mu khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Ding khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).


Titles


Notes


gNam mug mug

00003
Other names / Alternative spellings 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

btsun mo


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

gNam mug mug was the consort of Nyag khri btsan po and the mother of Mu khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286)


Titles 


Notes



Nya khri btsan po

00002
Other names / Alternative spellings

Khri Nyag khri bTsan po (ms. PT 1286)

lDe Nyag khri bTsan po (ms. PT 1286)

Nya gri btsan po (rKong po inscr., according to OTDO)

Nya khri btsan po (rKong po inscr., according to Richardson 1985, Go shul grags pa 'byung gnas 2001 and Gong ba Klu 'bum rgyal 2006)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

sPu rgyal dynasty


Period of activity

Mythical times


Biographical data

Nyag khri bTsan po was the son of Khri'i bdun tshigs, one of the seven sons of Yab lha bdag drug (ms. PT 1286 l. 42-43).

Nya khri btsan po seems to be a son of Yab bla bdag drug (rKong po inscr.).

Nya khri btsan po came from the sky to rule over men (ms. PT 1286 l. 43 and rKong po inscr.)

He went to lHa ri gyang do (rKong po inscr.)

lDe nyag khri btsan po's consort was gNam mug mug (ms. PT 1286 l. 44-45).

lDe nyag khri btsan po's son and heir was Mu khri btsan po (ms. PT 1286 l. 45).

The father [Nya khri btsan po] went to the sky when the son [Mu khri btsan po] was old enough to ride a horse (ms. PT 1286 l. 47).


Titles

rje (rKong po inscr.)


Notes

It is unclear whether Nya khri btsan po has to be identified to 'O lde spu rgyal or not.

See also "gNya' khri btsan po" in rGyal po bka' thang II (bKa' thang sde lnga 2011ed. p. 87): 

"...bod kyi btsan po 'o de spur rgyal de / gnam gyi lha las mi yi rje ru gshegs / tshangs pa phyag nas gnam lha than dgur brgyud / gnam than sprin than char than than dgur byon / rtags chags wal wal sras po mched bzhi la / rje gcig yab la brdal drug bya ba byon / de la sras mchog spun 'dun 'khrungs pa las / bar lha tshigs bdun yab yum mched la gnod / yab yum skor bon zhang po'i yul du spyugs / dmu bza' lde me btsun dang bshos pa'i sras / gnya' khri yan 'khrungs srid pa'i lha rabs yin / rje gcig gnya' khri btsan po bya ba de / mgo nag mi dang srog chags rkyen du byon /..."