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Wednesday, 25 April 2018

Kim sheng kong co

00277
Other names / Alternative spellings

Kim shang khong co (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 177)

Kim sheng khong co (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 282)

Kim sheng kong co (inscr. Zhol rdo ring l. s67)

Kim shing kong co (inscr. Peace treaty l. e28)

Mun sheng khong co ? (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 22)

Mun sheng khon co ? (ms. ITJ 1368 l. 28, 29)

Kong co (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 257, PT 960 l. 58-61, ITJ 598 l. 2v2-3, 3v2-4, 4r3-4, ITJ 601 l. 5r6, 6v2-3)

Kong cho (ms. ITJ 601 5r5, 6r8-6r9)

btsan mo Khong co (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 176, 287)


Social groups (status, family, lineage...)

rGya nag (Chinese)

btsan mo


Period of activity

VIIIth century



Biographical data

After negotiations for an alliance between [the Tibetan] 'phrul gi lha btsan po Khri lDe gtsug brtsan and the Lord of China (rgya rje) Kha'e 'gvan sheng b'un shin b'u hvang te (i.e. Xuanzong, b.685-d.762), the btsan po received Kim shing kong co as a bride in the Keng lung year (inscr. Peace treaty l. e25-28).

[The negotiations for the wedding were actually carried by 'Bro za Khri ma lod and zhang bTsan to re lhas byin while Wu Zetian (b.624-d.705) followed by her son Tang Zhongzong (b. 656-710) were ruling in China (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 175-177, Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu transl. in Pelliot p.12-15, 95-96).]

In Dog year [710] Kim sheng kong co was brought [from China] to Ra sa [through the 'A zha realm] by zhang bTsan to re lhas byin, 'Bro zhang Khri bzang, Cog ro [Cung bzang 'dam kong (?)] (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 177, ITJ l. 1368 22-24).

In Horse year [730], [Kim sheng] kong co's minister (blon) Chog ro Zhin kong was replaced by Lang gro Khong rtsan (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 0750 l. 257-258)

Kim sheng kong co had a brother (inscr. Zhol rdo ring l. s67-68, he is the Guang wu mentioned in Xin Tangshu and Jiu Tangshu, transl. in Pelliot p. 30, 107, a.k.a. "Gvang bu hvang te" placed on the throne of China by the Tibetans after their conquest of Chang'an in 763, ms. PT 1287, l. 377)

In Hare year [739] funeral rites were performed for both Kim sheng kong co and prince (btsan sras) lHas bon (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 287).

According to the various Dunhuang versions of the Prophecy of the Li country (ms. PT 960, ITJ 598, ITJ 600, ITJ 601):

- Kong co was a daughter of the Chinese emperor (rgya rje'i bu mo ITJ 598 l. 2v2, she was a niece and a foster daughter of Tang Zhongzong, b.656-d.710, according to Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu, transl. in Pelliot  p. 13, 95-96, see also "rgya rje'i sras mo mun sheng khong co" in ITJ 1368 l. 22)  

- Kong co was a supporter of Buddhism who built a large vihara in Tibet, etc. (ms. PT 960 l. 58, ITJ 598 l. 2v3, 3v4)

- Kong co died after a black or a large bubo or pustule formed on her chest ('brum nag PT 960 l. 60, 'brum chen ITJ 598 l. 4r3, ITJ 601 l. 6r9-6v3)


Titles

btsan mo (ms. PT 1288-ITJ 750 l. 11, 15, 176, 177, 282, 287)

btsun mo (ms. ITJ 598 l. 2v2, 3v2)

rgyal po'i chung ma (ms. ITJ 601 l. 5r5 )


Notes

Ms. ITJ 597 has not yet been digitised and could not be checked.

Transl. of ms. ITJ 1368 in Thomas 1651 p. 10-12.

Translation of the bstan 'gyur version of the Prophecy of the Li country in Thomas 1935 p. 77-87.


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