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Wednesday, 20 September 2017

ban de Ye shes sde

00588 
Other names / Alternative spellings 

Ye she.sde (? ms. PT 51

Ye shes ? ( PT 99 l. 28r4


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

sNa nam family ?

ban de (monk) 


Period of activity 

VIIIth century ? 

IXth century ? 

Reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan

Reign of Mu ne brtsan

Reign of Khri lDe srong brtsan

Reign of Khri gTsug lde brtsan


Biographical data 

Ban de Ye shes sde was a reviser and a translator [of Buddhist texts] (ms. PT 24, PT 51, PT 79) and a contemporary of the copyist 'Greng ro Legs 'Dus, and the revisers mDog Yul zung, rGya mThong kong, and ban de De bzhin gshegs (ms. 1312). 

Ban de Ye shes sde worked on translations [of Buddhist texts] with several Indian masters : 




- Dar ma pa la (ms. PT 417 l. 2v3-4, ITJ 428 l. 2v5, ITJ 430 l. 14v1)

- Phrad nya bar ma (ms. PT 417 l. 2v3-4, ITJ 428 l. 2v5, ITJ 430 l. 14v1)


Ban de Ye shes sde translated and revised, and reworked and revised his own translations according to new norms ("skad gsar", ms. PT 551, PT 552). 


Titles 

ban de (ms. PT 51, PT 79, PT 99 l. 28r4, PT 417, PT 551, PT 552, PT 797, PT 2105ITJ 428 l. 2v5, ITJ 430 l. 14v1)

ban 'de (ms. PT 24)

zhus chen gyi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 79)

zhu chen kyi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 417 l. 2v3-4, ITJ 430 l. 14v1)

zhu chen gi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 99 l. 28r4?) 

zhu chen gyi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 2105

zhu can gyi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 51

zhu cen gyi lo tsa pa (ms. PT 24, PT 797ITJ 428 l. 2v5)


Notes 

Most likely identical to the famous and prolific translator ban de sNa nam zhang Ye shes sde mentioned by later sources as a translator in the time of Khri Srong lde brtsan (see among others : rGyal rabs gsal ba'i me long p. 221, Sørensen 1994 p. 399, see also Rhaldi 2002 and BDRC). 

Often united with sKa ba’ dPal rtsags and Cog ro Klu'i rgyal mtshan under appellations such as "ka cog rnam 3" (dBa' bzhed 2010 ed. p. 48) or "ka lcog zhang gsum" (Ne'u pandita 2005 ed. p. 24). 

According to Padma bka' thang, under the reign of Khri Srong lde brtsan, Ka ba dPal brtseg and Cog ro Klu'i rgyal mtshan worked on translations with Pad ma sam ba ba while ban de Ye shes sde worked with mkhan po Bo dhi sa tva (Padma bka' thang ch. 70, 1996 ed. p. 412-413). 

Ban de Ye shes sde took part in the debates concerning the funerals of Khri Srong lde brtsan [c. 797 ?] (dBa' bzhed 2010 ed. p. 51, also Wangdu, Diemberger, Sørensen 2000 p. 96). 

According to the dBa' bzhed, the three translators Ka ba dPal brtseg, Cog ro Klu'i rgyal mtshan and ban de Ye shes sde (ka cog rnam 3) worked on new translations and revised the old ones under the reign of Khri gTsug lde btsan Ral pa can (dBa' bzhed 2010 ed. p. 48 also Wangdu, Diemberger, Sørensen 2000 p. 90, also in Sa skya bSod nams rgyal mtshan's rGyal rabs gsal ba'i me long 2005 ed. p. 227, Sørensen 1998 p. 412). 

See also Lalou 1939-1961 doc. n° 24, 51, 79, 99, 417, 551, 552, 797, 1312, 2105


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