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Thursday, 13 April 2017

mGar sTong rtsan yul zung

00079 
Other names / Alternative spellings

mGar Yul zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 95, 321, 325, ITJ 1375 l. v5, v6?) 

mGar sTong rtsan yul zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 102, PT 1288 l. 11) 

Yul zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 102, 322, 323, 326, 436) 

sTong rtsan (ms. PT 1287 l. 103, 436, 440, PT 1288 l. 21, 23, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 36, 39-41, 43-46, 48)

sTong rtsan yul zung (ms. PT 1287 l. 446) 


Social groups (status, family, lineage...) 

mGar family 

blon chen 


Period of activity 

VIIth century 





Biographical data 

mGar sTong rtsan yul zung went in Khri boms to spy Khyung po sPung sad zu tse and denounced the plot to kill the btsan po Srong brtsan sgam po (ms. PT 1287 l. 95-96, 321-323, ITJ 1375 l. v5-v6). 

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung became blon chen after Khyung po sPung sad zu tse's suicide (ms. PT 1287 l. 101-102). 

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung and Khri Srong brtsan [sgam po] exchanged songs in a feast after the victory over the Zhang zhung king Lig myi rhya (ms. PT 1287 l. 433-446). 

[In the time of Srong brtsan sgam po (641 according to Jiu Tangshu, see Pelliot 1961 p. 4),] mGar sTong brtsan yul zung brought the Chinese princess Mun chang kong jo in Tibet (ms. PT 1288 l. 11).

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung subjugated (or summoned ? bkug) "Glo bo" and "rTsang rHya" in Rat year [652] (ms. PT 1288 l. 21). 

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung stayed in 'A zha land from Sheep year [659] to Bird year [661] (ms. PT 1288 l. 36-40). 

When mGar sTong brtsan yul zung was old, 'O ma lde Khri bzang lod btsan became blon chen but was soon executed for treason (ms. PT 1287 l. 102-103).

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung was named blon chen for the second time after 'O ma lde khri bzang lod btsan's death and died six year later from old age (ms. PT 1287 l. 103-104). 

mGar sTong brtsan yul zul was in Zhang zhung in Dog year [662] (ms. PT 1288 l. 41-42).

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung stayed in 'A zha land from Hog year [663] to Tiger year [666] (ms. PT 1288 l. 43-47). 

mGar sTong brtsan yul zung died at Ris pu in Hare year [667] (ms. PT 1288 l. 48). 

After mGar sTong brtsan yul zung's death, the title of blon che was disputed between [his son] mGar bTsan snya ldom bu and dBa's sNang to re sum snang (ms. PT 1287 l. 104-107). 


Titles

blon (ms. PT 1287 l. 103, 435, 440, 446) 

blon che (ms. PT 1288 l. 21, 23, 27, 29, 31, 35, 36, 39-41, 43-46, 48) 

blon ce (ms. PT 1288 l. 33) 


Notes 

According to Jiu Tangshu and Xin Tangshu (transl. Pelliot 1961 p. 7, 85) mGar sTong rtsan yul zung's sons were : 

- Zanxiruo, i. e. [mGar] bTsan snya [ldom bu] 

- Qinling, i. e. [mGar] Khri 'bring [btsan brod] 

- Xiduoyu, i. e. [mGar] sTa gu [ri zung] 

- Zanpo, sometime identified to [mGar Khri 'bring] btsan brod (Bacot, Thomas, Toussaint 1946 p. 167), or [mGar] 'Bring btsan [rtsang rton] (see Garatti 2015 p. 163), or yet another character not attested by Old Tibetan sources named bTsan po yon tan rgyal bzung (see Dung dkar blo bzang 'phrin las 2002 p. 1516-1517). 

- Pulun / Bulun, P. Pelliot proposed the reconstructed pronounciation *B'uət-li̯uĕn (Pelliot 1961 p. 7) which, among the mGar mentioned in Old Tibetan sources, may point by elimination to [mGar] 'Bring btsan [rtsang rton] or [mGar] Mang nyen [stag tsab], identification to mGar bTsan nyen gung ston has also been proposed (see Garatti 2015 p. 163).


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